India 

Defense News ,India :- In anticipation of the upcoming Vibrant Gujarat summit in January 2024, Mazgaon Dockyard Limited (MDL) has embarked on an ambitious venture in collaboration with the Government of Gujarat, signaling a potential breakthrough in submarine tourism. The recent Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between MDL and the state government sets the stage for the exploration of an extraordinary underwater experience in the Bet Dwarka region, reaching depths of up to 100 meters.The collaborative effort between MDL and the Gujarat government underscores the state keen interest in acquiring a submarine dedicated to tourism, promising to introduce a distinctive element to Gujarat tourism landscape. The envisioned submarine aims to immerse tourists in the pristine waters around Bet Dwarka, offering a novel perspective on the underwater world.As the MOU serves as a preliminary step in this groundbreaking collaboration, it signifies a mutual commitment to investigating the feasibility and logistics of constructing a submarine tailored for tourism. MDL Chairman and Managing Director, Sanjeev Singhal, shed light on the project current status, emphasizing that the construction progression is contingent upon the final decision of the Gujarat government.Singhal clarified, "We have entered into an MOU with the government of Gujarat, and until a decision is finalized, we cannot proceed with the construction of the submarine. We will move forward when the Gujarat government makes a decision."The potential submarine, once realized, is expected to submerge to depths of 100 meters, providing tourists with a captivating view of the underwater wonders surrounding Bet Dwarka. Beyond the recreational aspect, such initiatives often play a pivotal role in stimulating local economies by creating employment opportunities and attracting investments in related infrastructure.While the collaborative endeavor awaits the Gujarat government final decision, stakeholders, including MDL, are poised to initiate the construction phase once the green light is received. The outcome of this ambitious project holds the promise of reshaping Gujarat tourism landscape and positioning Bet Dwarka as a distinctive underwater destination.The signing of the MOU marks the initial strides toward realizing the vision of underwater tourism, highlighting the significance of collaborative efforts between government bodies and industry players in promoting innovative and sustainable tourism initiatives.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-28 15:12:53
 World 

Defense News ,U.S :- The anticipated launch of a national security space mission, USSF-124, slated for December 2023, has encountered a setback, pushing the timeline to the second quarter of 2024. The Missile Defense Agency (MDA) confirmed the delay, attributing it to technical challenges faced by one of the spacecraft vendors during final integration testing.Mark Wright, spokesperson for MDA, revealed that despite one vendor readiness for a December launch, complications arose, necessitating a postponement until no earlier than the second quarter of fiscal year 2024. USSF-124 comprises six satellites dedicated to tracking hypersonic missiles. Among them, four are missile-tracking sensors by L3Harris for the Space Development Agency Tracking Layer constellation, while the remaining two, one from L3Harris and the other from Northrop Grumman, are part of MDA Hypersonic and Ballistic Tracking Space Sensor (HBTSS) program.The Tracking Layer, designed as a global sensor network, aims to establish a defense shield against Russian and Chinese ballistic and hypersonic missiles. The Space Development Agency satellites focus on tracking hypersonic threats, while HBTSS employs sensors to maintain accurate threat tracks. It transfers this data to interceptor missiles, attempting to neutralize the threats, forming part of a comprehensive, multi-layered missile defense architecture.Notably, both the Tracking Layer and HBTSS are integral to demonstrating the fire control technology necessary for intercepting hypersonic weapons. In a strategic move for efficiency, SDA and MDA opted to combine their payloads. Originally scheduled for a September launch with other SDA satellites, the four L3Harris Transport Layer satellites were removed from the manifest due to production delays.The specific HBTSS payload encountering technical issues remains undisclosed by MDA. However, sources close to SDA suggest that any delay is unrelated to the L3Harris Tracking Layer satellites. The planned launch of USSF-124 involves deploying the satellites into low orbit using a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from Cape Canaveral Space Force Base, Fla.Against the backdrop of these developments, congressional defense committees are pressing the Pentagon for clarity on the roles of MDA and SDA in missile tracking. Representative Doug Lamborn, chairman of the House Armed Services strategic forces subcommittee, emphasizes the critical importance of hypersonic defense to national security. Some lawmakers advocate for SDA taking over the mission entirely, citing its rapid development capabilities, while others argue for MDA retaining authority due to its extensive experience in tracking ballistic missiles.The reporting structure, with MDA under the undersecretary of defense for research and engineering and SDA reporting to the U.S. Space Force chief of space operations, raises questions about their collaboration. Congressional monitoring may focus on the implications of this structure for efficiency and efficacy, as highlighted by defense analyst Kelley Sayler in a Congressional Research Service report earlier in the year.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-28 15:06:18
 Space & Technology 

Space News ,India :- Following the success of Chandrayaan-3, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is actively engaged in advancing technologies crucial for the upcoming Chandrayaan-4 mission, aimed at bringing lunar rock samples back to Earth. Scheduled for launch in the latter part of this decade, Chandrayaan-4 will involve intricate in-orbit spacecraft docking, a critical step in ensuring the secure retrieval of lunar samples.One of the key initiatives in this technological pursuit is the Space Docking Experiment, or SPADEX, a mission developed by ISRO to test technologies related to orbital rendezvous, docking, and formation flying. Costing ₹124.47 crore, SPADEX comprises two satellites, the Chaser and the Target, which will simulate docking and separation as a mock drill for the impending Moon mission.SPADEX, a twin spacecraft mission, aims to mature technologies associated with orbital rendezvous, docking, and formation flying, with potential applications in human spaceflight, in-space satellite servicing, and other proximity operations. The Chaser and Target components will autonomously dock and separate in low-Earth orbit, showcasing ISRO advanced capabilities in space navigation and robotics.The groundbreaking technology essential for SPADEX is currently undergoing testing as the mission progresses towards its launch, the date of which is yet to be finalized. This mission, conceived to refine capabilities in orbital rendezvous, docking, and formation flying, is making substantial strides in its development.The SPADEX initiative involves two IMS class satellites, each weighing 200 kg. The Chaser and Target are designed to execute precise orbital maneuvers, representing significant advancements in human spaceflight and in-space satellite servicing. The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre will carry out the launch, injecting both spacecraft into marginally distinct orbits, a critical aspect of the experimental mission.The primary objectives of SPADEX include demonstrating autonomous rendezvous and docking capabilities, as well as controlling one spacecraft using the Attitude Control System of the other in a docked configuration. Additionally, the mission aims to showcase formation flying techniques and conduct remote robotic arm operations, marking a significant leap forward in space technology.The SPADEX mission, which began with preliminary studies in 2016 and received government approval in 2017, has undergone substantial development, supported by a funding injection of around ₹125 crore. As ISRO continues to push the boundaries of space exploration, SPADEX stands as a testament to India commitment to advancing space capabilities and technology.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-28 05:02:29
 World 

Defense News ,U.S :- The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has initiated a groundbreaking collaboration with four prominent companies to create an experimental vertical-takeoff-and-landing aircraft capable of achieving unprecedented speeds, surpassing the capabilities of the V-22 Osprey. This initiative, known as the Speed and Runway Independent Technologies (SPRINT) program, responds to the U.S. military strategic need for aircraft capable of operating in areas devoid of traditional runways.In November, DARPA awarded contracts to Aurora Flight Sciences, Bell Textron, Northrop Grumman, and Piasecki Aircraft Corp., totaling $15 million to $20 million for the initial phase of the program. The goal is for one of these companies to complete the design, prototyping, construction, and maiden flight of their aircraft by the spring of 2027.Speed is a critical requirement for the SPRINT aircraft, with DARPA aiming for speeds between 400 and 450 knots (460 to 520 mph) during forward flight—significantly faster than the V-22 Osprey maximum speed of 270 knots. Navy Cmdr. Ian Higgins, SPRINT program manager, emphasized the challenge of achieving these high-end speeds beyond existing aircraft limitations.The SPRINT aircraft must exhibit the ability to hover, ensure stability, seamlessly transition between hovering and forward flight, and employ a distributed power system that effectively powers all propulsion systems during transitions. The focus of the program is not on survivability or potential payload but on pushing the boundaries of speed and agility.DARPA has given participating companies considerable freedom in their design approaches. The aircraft can be crewed or uncrewed, and autonomy options range from fully autonomous to semi-autonomous. Concept art released by Bell Textron showcases an Osprey-like tiltrotor design on an apparently uncrewed aircraft, highlighting a blend of helicopter hover capability with the speed, range, and survivability of a jet aircraft.Aurora, a Boeing subsidiary, is working on a high-lift, low-drag, fan-in-wing aircraft with a blended wing body and embedded engines for forward flight. The SPRINT initiative encourages innovative solutions, and companies are drawing inspiration from previous projects, such as Bell high-speed VTOL technology and Aurora Excalibur uncrewed aircraft.The current phase involves a six-month conceptual design period, and by May 2024, companies must demonstrate the viability of their concepts to proceed to the next phase. DARPA aims to select a finalist by then, and by 2027, have a fully functional prototype capable of meeting the program ambitious objectives.The potential applications for high-speed vertical lift aircraft are extensive, ranging from special operations and mobility logistics to medical transport and evacuation missions. The envisioned versatility could prove invaluable in future conflict scenarios, enabling aircraft to take off and land in unconventional locations without traditional runways.Although the SPRINT project outcome is uncertain, DARPA innovative approach aims to explore cutting-edge technologies, with the hope that successful developments may eventually integrate into future military programs. As Navy Cmdr. Ian Higgins noted, "The beauty of DARPA is we pose these challenging problems that may or may not be achievable, and we see what the current state of the art is."

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-28 04:39:11
 World 

Defense News ,Russia :- In a recent announcement, the Russian government revealed the commissioning of the Admiral Golovko, the nation inaugural frigate specifically designed for deploying Zircon hypersonic missiles. During the flag-raising ceremony on December 25, President Vladimir Putin disclosed plans for the Severnaya Verf shipyard to construct a series of small- and medium-displacement corvettes by 2035, all armed with Zircon missiles, according to Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu.Despite these ambitious plans, skepticism looms among experts regarding Russia capacity to simultaneously develop both Zircon-equipped vessels and the missiles themselves within the specified timeline. Pavel Luzin, a senior fellow at the Center for European Policy Analysis, cautioned that the current production remains more of a piece-by-piece approach rather than a full-scale serial production.Luzin suggested that the vessels might feature a universal launcher incorporating Kalibr, Oniks, and Zircon missiles. Due to the higher cost of Zircon missiles, he anticipates that the primary anti-ship armament of these vessels will consist of Kalibr and Oniks, with limited Zircon carriers available.The Severnaya Verf shipyard, a subsidiary of United Shipbuilding Corp., currently holds a contract to construct or prepare seven Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates. However, concerns arise about the shipyard capabilities, including the lack of a new boathouse and the need for repairs, modernization, and additional equipment.Additionally, the Steregushchiy-class corvettes under projects 20380 and 20385 are slated to be armed with Zircons. Despite plans for a fleet of 29 corvettes, challenges persist due to sanctions affecting the availability and affordability of high-quality components for radar complexes and diesel engines.Meanwhile, doubts surround the production of the Lider-class destroyer, with the general director of United Shipbuilding Corp., Aleksey Rakhmanov, expressing skepticism. Moreover, Russian media reports indicate that the battlecruiser Pyotr Velikiy is scheduled for decommissioning.In a separate development, Ukrainian aircraft reportedly damaged a Russian ship, Novocherkassk, moored off Crimea in the Black Sea. The attack is seen as a setback in Russia ongoing invasion of Ukraine, raising questions about the future of Western aid and boosting Ukrainian morale after recent battlefield disappointments. The Novocherkassk, a 360-foot landing ship, was targeted with guided missiles, leading to an explosion in the port. Ukrainian authorities claim the ship was likely carrying ammunition and possibly drones, asserting its destruction.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-28 04:31:15
 India 

Defense News ,India :- In a recent statement, Eastern Army Commander Lt General Rana Pratap Kalita expressed confidence that India will soon catch up with China in terms of border infrastructure development. Lt General Kalita acknowledged that China currently holds an advantage in certain areas due to their early initiation of infrastructure projects. However, he emphasized the significant strides India has made in the last five to 10 years and predicted that within a couple of years, the country will match the infrastructure capabilities of the People Liberation Army (PLA) of China.During a media interaction at Fort William, Lt General R P Kalita, the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Eastern Army Command, highlighted the ongoing focus on infrastructure development. He stated that despite the progress made, there is still substantial work ahead, but with the current pace of development, India is on track to achieve parity with the PLA.Addressing specific areas of concern, Lt General Kalita outlined the priority aspects of infrastructure development for dual civil-military use in border regions. Road connectivity up to border posts, data communication, mobile connectivity, helipads, and airports in remote areas were identified as crucial components. Given the challenging terrain, including the risk of landslides, snowslides, and avalanches, reliance on helipads and advanced landing grounds (ALGs) is imperative.Emphasizing the need for accommodation in these remote areas, Lt General Kalita revealed plans to establish alternative road connectivity in Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. He pointed out that the recent flash floods in Teesta river had cut off strategically important north Sikkim, underscoring the necessity for well-developed alternative routes.Lt General Kalita also highlighted the broader positive impacts of infrastructure development. Beyond benefiting the armed forces, he noted that improved infrastructure would enhance the lives of local communities and create additional livelihood opportunities, particularly through increased tourism activities.As Lt General Kalita prepares for retirement on December 31, his remarks reflect a strategic outlook on India commitment to bridging the infrastructure gap with China along the border regions. The ongoing efforts signal a proactive approach to bolstering national security and facilitating socio-economic development in challenging terrains.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-28 04:27:42
 India 

Defense News ,India & Russia :- In a significant development, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov announced on Wednesday that Russia and India have achieved tangible progress in discussions regarding their collaborative efforts to manufacture military equipment. Lavrov, after engaging in talks with Indian Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar in Moscow, emphasized that this strategic cooperation was in the best interests of both nations, aiming to bolster security across the Eurasian continent.During a press conference, Lavrov acknowledged India aspiration to diversify its sources for military hardware and affirmed Moscow commitment to supporting New Delhi endeavors to produce essential items within India itself. The collaboration signifies a robust partnership that extends beyond conventional diplomatic ties, underlining shared interests in defense and security matters.Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov disclosed that Russian President Vladimir Putin was scheduled to meet with Jaishankar later that day. Furthermore, Jaishankar expressed optimism about a meeting between Putin and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the upcoming year.Beyond military discussions, the diplomatic dialogue between Jaishankar and Lavrov covered global issues such as conflicts in Ukraine and Gaza. Additionally, the leaders delved into matters related to bilateral trade and investment. India, having emerged as one of Russia key economic partners, assumed greater significance following sweeping sanctions imposed on Moscow by the West in 2022 due to the conflict in Ukraine.Russia response to these sanctions included redirecting a significant portion of its oil exports to India and intensifying diplomatic engagements within the BRICS group. Both Russia and India are founding members of BRICS, a consortium that also includes Brazil, China, and South Africa.According to Jaishankar, the bilateral trade between India and Russia is expected to surpass $50 billion in the current year. In pursuit of strengthening economic ties, New Delhi is keen on formalizing a bilateral investment treaty with Russia and exploring the possibilities of a free trade agreement with the Moscow-led Eurasian Economic Union. This multifaceted collaboration underscores the resilience and depth of the Russia-India partnership in navigating global challenges and advancing shared economic objectives.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-28 04:23:22
 India 

Defense News ,India :- Delhi Police, along with forensic science laboratories and a canine unit, are conducting a thorough examination of the area surrounding the alleged explosion near the Israel Embassy, aiming to gather crucial evidence, as confirmed by an official on Wednesday. Central agencies, including the National Investigation Agency (NIA), have also mobilized their presence at the site, emphasizing a heightened security posture.The security apparatus in Delhi was thrust into action following an emergency call reporting an "explosion" near the Israel Embassy in Chanakyapuri on Tuesday. Intensive search operations led to the discovery of potential evidentiary exhibits, notably a typed letter addressed to the Israeli Ambassador to India.According to a statement from Delhi Police, the emergency call at 5:53 p.m. on Tuesday reported a "loud sound from the rear side of the Israel Embassy." In response, a comprehensive team comprising a dog squad, crime team, and bomb disposal squad was dispatched to investigate the reported explosion sound.Citing the sensitivity of the site and the nature of the reported incident, the Delhi Police spokesperson stated, "Subsequently, experts from the forensic science laboratory (FSL) also reached the scene, and the area was cordoned off for a meticulous search." The forensic experts conducted an examination, collecting potential evidentiary exhibits, which are currently undergoing forensic analysis.Simultaneously, the Israel Embassy officially confirmed the occurrence of an "explosion" near its premises, assuring the safety of all workers and diplomats present. Ohad Nakash Kaynar, Deputy Chief of Mission of Israel to India, provided a video statement, saying, "This evening, several minutes after 5 p.m., an explosion occurred in close proximity to the Embassy. All our workers and diplomats are safe. Our security teams are working in full cooperation with the local security forces, and they will investigate the matter."The collaborative efforts of Delhi Police, central agencies, and the Israel Embassy underscore the gravity of the situation, with ongoing investigations seeking to unravel the circumstances surrounding the reported explosion.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 16:11:25
 India 

Defense news ,India :- In the wake of the recent assault on the merchant vessel MV Chem Pluto in the Arabian Sea, the Indian Navy has reportedly discovered components that may be linked to the Shahed-136 drone, an Iranian-made UAV, as claimed by DFI Lite, a prominent Indian OSINT on his X handle (formerly Twitter).The Shahed-136 is renowned for its capability to carry small explosive payloads in self-detonating attacks, covering distances ranging from 1100 to 1500 miles. DFI Lite has proposed that the part retrieved by the Indian Navy, showcased in the shared images, bears a resemblance to the mid-section of the Shahed-136, a drone extensively utilized by Russia in conflicts such as Ukraine.While Iran has refuted any involvement in the MV Chem Pluto attack, the Pentagon maintains that the drone assault was orchestrated by Iran. The merchant vessel, carrying a crew of 20 Indians and one Vietnamese member, fell victim to a suspected drone attack, resulting in a fire. The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) subsequently secured the vessel, as per an official statement from the ICG.Setting sail from the UAE on December 19 with New Mangalore port in India as its final destination scheduled for December 25, MV Chem Pluto incident has sparked concerns about maritime security and the potential utilization of drones in assaults on merchant vessels. Ongoing investigations aim to unveil the origin and characteristics of the drone attack, with a specific focus on the recovered parts that could provide vital clues regarding the identity of the assailants.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 16:05:41
 Space & Technology 

Technology News ,World :- Scientists have unveiled a groundbreaking method to combat cancer by harnessing the power of molecular jackhammers. Researchers from Rice University, Texas A&M University, and the University of Texas discovered that stimulating aminocyanine molecules with near-infrared light causes them to vibrate in unison, effectively rupturing the membranes of cancer cells.Aminocyanine molecules, commonly employed in bioimaging as synthetic dyes, have proven stability in water and are adept at binding to the exteriors of cells. In a significant advancement over previous cancer-killing molecular machines, such as Feringa-type motors, these molecular jackhammers exhibit mechanical motion over one million times faster and can be activated with near-infrared light instead of visible light, according to chemist James Tour from Rice University.The utilization of near-infrared light is pivotal as it facilitates deeper penetration into the body, potentially allowing the treatment of cancer in bones and organs without resorting to surgery. In experiments on cultured cancer cells, the molecular jackhammer approach achieved an impressive 99 percent success rate in destroying the cells. Furthermore, tests on mice with melanoma tumors resulted in half of the animals becoming cancer-free.The unique structure and chemical properties of aminocyanine molecules enable them to synchronize with the right stimulus, such as near-infrared light. When set in motion, the electrons within these molecules generate plasmons—collectively vibrating entities driving movement across the entire molecule.Chemist Ciceron Ayala-Orozco from Rice University emphasizes the significance of this discovery, highlighting that its the first instance of a molecular plasmon being utilized to excite the entire molecule and produce mechanical action to dismantle cancer cell membranes.The plasmons, equipped with an arm on one side, establish connections between the molecules and cancer cell membranes. The ensuing vibrations then contribute to breaking apart the membranes. While the research is still in its early stages, these initial findings hold great promise.The simplicity of this biomechanical technique also makes it challenging for cancer cells to develop effective defenses. Moving forward, researchers are exploring other types of molecules that can be employed in a similar fashion. In essence, this study represents a groundbreaking approach to cancer treatment, employing mechanical forces at the molecular scale to combat the disease.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 15:56:48
 World 

Defense News ,U.S :- Florida-based company Laser Photonics has recently provided the US Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) at Fort Liberty, North Carolina, with an innovative beam-enabled cleaning solution known as the LPC-3000-CTHD.Designed as a portable, handheld laser device, the LPC-3000-CTHD is tailored for surface maintenance and conditioning tasks. With a powerful 3,000-kilowatt laser, this device effectively eliminates contaminants, rust, coatings, and residues by delivering high-energy photonic blasts onto targeted objects.Utilizing Laser Photonics proprietary "CleanTech" technology, the LPC-3000-CTHD offers a "safer and more eco-friendly" approach to equipment cleaning, characterized by its reduced abrasiveness compared to conventional methods.To ensure the effective use of this cutting-edge cleaning tool, Laser Photonics conducted training for army personnel at Fort Liberty. The demonstration showcased the LPC-3000-CTHDs capabilities on various surfaces, including military vehicles, engine blocks, rims, and windows. During the session, a batch of rusted metal parts was successfully cleaned, allowing the USASOC maintenance team to assess the laser application and explore potential future methods.Laser Photonics CEO Wayne Tupuola emphasized the significance of the 3000-CTHD in supporting the US Army operational efficiency and equipment maintenance. He stated, "This is the first 3000-CTHD laser cleaning system we have sold to the Army. The training we are providing to the military for this CleanTech product will help our country troops stay mission-ready."Tupuola highlighted the company commitment to providing the best training, equipment, and resources to US soldiers, emphasizing the importance of ensuring their readiness through advanced technology. The LPC-3000-CTHD is poised to play a vital role in maintaining the operability and sterility of land vehicles and tactical equipment for the US Army in a time-efficient and cost-effective manner.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 15:52:34
 World 

Defense News ,World :- Tech giant DZYNE has inked a $49-million deal with the US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) to pioneer cost-effective, military-grade capabilities aimed at bolstering the endurance and propulsion of the US unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) fleet.The contract is earmarked to fund research and development for DZYNEs long endurance program, which focuses on creating cutting-edge technology to enable ultra-long endurance missions for the Air Force UAVs. The initiative delves into advanced artificial intelligence and control integration to enhance the fleet capabilities.This collaboration aligns with the Biden administration recent emphasis on strengthening the nation drone fleet. Ben Slater, Chairman of the DZYNE board, emphasized the company dedication to addressing US security challenges through this contract."We are honored to continue working alongside AFRL and look forward to continuing to develop cutting-edge technologies that break the traditional defense acquisition cost curve and safeguard our country and its interests," stated Slater.DZYNEs commitment to national security is further demonstrated by its recent collaboration with the Department of Defense. The company is set to construct a substantial 125,000-square-foot (11,600 square-meter) research facility in Irvine, California, to support autonomous projects, including the Replicator program. Research, development, and manufacturing at the facility are slated to commence in the coming year.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 15:47:00
 World 

Defense News ,South Korea :- Hanwha Ocean has clinched a substantial contract worth USD 845 million with South Korea Defence Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA), paving the way for the construction of an advanced 3,600-ton attack submarine for the Republic of Korea Navy.This significant contract marks Hanwha Ocean foray into submarine construction, as the shipbuilder takes on the development of the third and final vessel under the Changbogo-III Batch-II program. The company commenced the construction of the initial two Changbogo-III class submarines in 2021, shortly after joining the Hanwha Group in April of the same year.The completion of the submarine construction is slated for 2029, followed by an extensive two-year testing phase. The Republic of Korea Navy is expected to deploy this state-of-the-art submarine by 2031, as per DAPAs announcement.The Batch-II submarines signify a notable upgrade in size and capabilities compared to the existing 3,000-ton class vessels, such as the Dosan Ahn Chang-ho and ROKS Ahn Mu. A key feature of these submarines is the incorporation of an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system and lithium-ion batteries, enhancing underwater operation duration while significantly reducing propulsion noise. This technological advancement positions the Batch-II submarines as a new standard in diesel-electric submarine technology.Furthermore, the submarines will be equipped with an advanced combat system that includes the latest sonar technology. This enhancement will bolster their detection and targeting capabilities, significantly strengthening the Republic of Korea Navy maritime defense capabilities. Hanwha Ocean participation in this high-profile project underscores its growing prominence in the naval defense industry and its dedication to advancing South Korea maritime defense technology.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 15:41:42
 World 

Defense News , U.S :- The entire V-22 Osprey program is now under scrutiny by the US Congress as it initiates an investigation following four fatal crashes within a span of 20 months. The most recent incident, in which eight American soldiers lost their lives, occurred when an Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashed off the coast of Japan during a routine training mission last month.Prompted by this tragic event, both Tokyo and Washington have temporarily grounded their V-22 fleets, initiating separate investigations and search and rescue missions. The US House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Accountability, on December 21, requested safety records for the Osprey from Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, with the requested documents expected to be delivered by January 4.Committee chairman James Comer expressed concern that, despite statistical data suggesting the Osprey is not considered as dangerous as some other military aircraft, most fatalities associated with it have occurred during training exercises rather than combat operations. The committee aims to ensure transparency, accountability, and a thorough understanding of steps taken to mitigate potential mechanical risks, particularly given the substantial investment of taxpayer money in the V-22 Osprey program.With over 450 Ospreys purchased for the military at a reported cost of $120 million each, the committee seeks to comprehend how the Defense Department manages the balance between these expenditures and the assurance of military capabilities and readiness. While acknowledging the advantages that Ospreys bring to combat scenarios, the committee underscores the necessity of prioritizing the safety of servicemembers.This inquiry follows a series of fatal incidents involving Ospreys, including crashes in Norway and California in March and April 2022, respectively, as well as a tragic incident in Australia in August of the same year. These events have collectively claimed the lives of more than 50 US service members since 1992, prompting heightened scrutiny into the safety and effectiveness of the V-22 Osprey program.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 15:35:05
 World 

Defense News ,Greece :- The U.S. Navy cutting-edge aircraft carrier, USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78), along with personnel from Carrier Strike Group (CSG) 12, arrived at Souda Bay, Crete, for a planned port visit on December 26, 2023. This visit follows the recent presence of the 28th U.S. Secretary of Defense on the USS Gerald R. Ford, where the Secretary emphasized the significance of GRFCSGs role in the Eastern Mediterranean and its contribution to regional deterrence.Captain Rick Burgess, Commanding Officer of Gerald R. Ford, expressed the sailors excitement about returning to Crete, highlighting the enduring NATO alliance between Greece and the United States since 1952. He emphasized the value of strengthening maritime partnerships and appreciated the rich history, food, and culture the region has to offer.This marks the seventh port visit for the USS Gerald R. Ford during its deployment to the U.S. Naval Forces Europe (NAVEUR) area of operations. The U.S. Navy has maintained regular operations with Greece, with the aircraft carrier having visited Souda Bay twice after a stop in Piraeus in July.Having deployed from Norfolk, Virginia, on May 2, the USS Gerald R. Ford has been engaged in training, exercises, and operations aimed at supporting maritime stability and security in defense of U.S., Allied, and partner interests. As the U.S. Navy newest and most advanced aircraft carrier, CVN 78 represents a generational leap in global power projection, introducing 23 new technologies, including the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, Advanced Arresting Gear, and Advanced Weapons Elevators.The Gerald R. Ford Carrier Strike Group (GRFCSG) is currently on a scheduled deployment in the U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. Sixth Fleet area of operations. With more than 6,000 Sailors across various platforms, the GRFCSG demonstrates the Navy commitment and power projection capability, ready to respond globally to combatant commander tasking. The strike group comprises Carrier Strike Group 12, Carrier Air Wing 8, Destroyer Squadron 2, USS Normandy (CG 60), USS Ramage (DDG 61), USS McFaul (DDG 74), and USS Thomas Hudner (DDG 116).Headquartered in Naples, Italy, U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. Sixth Fleet operates U.S. naval forces in the U.S. European Command (USEUCOM) and U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) areas of responsibility. U.S. Sixth Fleet continuous presence in Europe reaffirms its commitment to collective defense, providing reassurance to Allies and Partners in accordance with international commitments and agreements.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 15:31:27
 Space & Technology 

Space News ,China :- China added two new satellites to its Beidou positioning and navigation system in a recent launch, enhancing the capabilities of the Beidou-3 system. The successful launch involved a Long March 3B rocket with a Yuanzheng-1 upper stage, deploying the satellites into medium Earth orbit (MEO) at 21,532 by 22,193-kilometer orbits inclined by 55 degrees.Developed by the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) under CASC, these satellites serve as backups, reducing operational risks to the Beidou-3 system, as stated by a CASC announcement. Notably, these are the 57th and 58th Beidou satellites launched to date.Despite the success of the satellite launch, a noteworthy incident occurred during the mission. The booster stages from the Long March 3B rocket were reported to have fallen near inhabited areas in Guangxi, downrange of the Xichang launch site in Sichuan province. Videos on Chinese social media depicted boosters falling within a forested area, with apparent explosions and wreckage near homes.The presence of reddish-brown gas indicative of nitrogen tetroxide and yellowish gas possibly resulting from unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) fuel mixing with air was observed in the footage. Both the nitrogen tetroxide oxidizer and UDMH fuel pose serious health risks.This incident is not an isolated case, as previous Beidou satellite launches have also witnessed boosters falling near populated areas. China choice of deep inland launch sites, established during the Cold War for strategic reasons, leads to booster stages falling on land rather than in oceans, as seen in U.S. and European launches.While authorities reportedly issue warnings and evacuation notices to mitigate the risks associated with falling debris, the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) has been experimenting with technologies like grid fins, parafoils, and parachutes to limit drop zones.China orbital launch endeavors in 2023 have set a new national record, with this Beidou launch being the 65th of the year. Despite the absence of launch failures, CASC fell short of its goal of over 60 launches, with commercial space actors contributing 16 launches to the total.The Beidou satellite launch followed other recent missions, including the deployment of Tianmu-1 meteorological satellites and Shiyan-24C experimental satellites. As China continues its space exploration efforts, further launches are anticipated in the closing days of 2023.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 14:53:56
 World 

Defense News ,Israel & hamas War :- The Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) have formally requested additional Apache attack helicopters from the United States to bolster their aerial efforts against Hamas militants, according to reports from Ynetnews. The request was a focal point of discussions between Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant and US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin during their recent meeting in Israel.With two Apache helicopter flight squadrons engaged in round-the-clock operations in Gaza since the outbreak of the conflict, the demand on these units has surged significantly. The Israeli government is now considering the acquisition of more helicopters to alleviate the operational strain.The precise number of Boeing-made Apache helicopters sought in the request was not disclosed in the report. While several defense sources indicated that Washington has yet to make a decision, there is speculation that the request may face a denial from US authorities.The urgency of Israel request stems from the escalating operational pressure arising from the ongoing conflict with Hamas. In response to the heightened demands, Israel has adopted unconventional measures, including the recall of retired pilots for immediate deployment in Gaza. Aviators in the age range of 55-60 are also being recruited to fill crucial operational positions.Furthermore, the report highlights that the Israeli Air Force has mandated increased flight hours for active-duty pilots to support combat and reconnaissance missions. This has led to some aviators spending up to four consecutive hours in their cockpits, showcasing the intensity of the current operational environment.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 14:45:37
 Space & Technology 

Technology News , U.S :- In a recent audio session on X, Elon Musk reiterated his stance against the near-term possibility of taking SpaceXs Starlink broadband satellite business public. Despite rumors and speculations, Musk argued that it currently does not make sense to pursue a public offering for Starlink, emphasizing his ease in raising private funding for the venture.This statement aligns with Musk consistent position over the years, where he has repeatedly stated his lack of immediate plans for a Starlink initial public offering (IPO). In a December 21 discussion on X, Musk addressed the matter, stating that going public is not on the horizon until an "extremely stable and predictable revenue stream" is in place. He emphasized the importance of financial stability before considering a public offering.Earlier this year, Musk comments in an online interview added to the speculation surrounding a potential Starlink IPO by the end of the year. However, in the recent conversation with investor Cathie Wood, Musk made it clear that neither SpaceX nor the Starlink business unit is set to go public in the foreseeable future.Highlighting the challenges and pressures faced by publicly traded companies like Tesla, Musk emphasized the stark difference in long-term planning between SpaceX and Tesla. He pointed out the constant pressure on public companies to avoid disappointing shareholders each quarter, which can lead to less efficient operations.SpaceX continues to expand the Starlink constellation, boasting over 5,200 satellites in orbit and reporting more than 2.3 million users in 70 countries. Despite achieving breakeven cash flow, Musk has refrained from disclosing detailed financial information.Musk expressed confidence in raising funds for his ventures, including SpaceX, through private markets. He asserted that he can secure equity or debt funding for almost anything based on his past performance for investors. This financial flexibility aligns with SpaceX overarching goal of generating substantial cash to support Musk vision of human settlement on Mars.When questioned about the necessity of additional markets, such as high-speed point-to-point travel using the Starship vehicle, Musk stated that Starlink alone is sufficient for the company multiplanetary aspirations. The development of Starlink serves as a pivotal element in SpaceX broader strategy to fund ambitious projects and advance the goal of enabling life to become multiplanetary.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 14:32:57
 World 

Defense News ,U.S :- In response to the escalating danger posed by loitering munitions, the US Army is set to bolster its anti-drone capabilities by acquiring thousands of Coyote Block II variants. The recent request for information outlines the procurement of 6,000 Coyote Block II variants, each equipped with explosive warheads. Additionally, the Army is considering the acquisition of 700 Block III versions with a focus on non-kinetic payloads.Beyond the interceptor drones, the Army aims to purchase 252 fixed launchers, 52 mobile launchers, 118 fixed Ku-band radars, and 33 mobile radars. While the intention is to award the contract to Raytheon, the original manufacturer of the Coyote, the Army is open to proposals from other capable firms.The request emphasizes that the selected manufacturer must demonstrate the ability to produce, integrate, and conduct acceptance tests for the Coyote systems within a five-year timeframe. Furthermore, the contractor should possess ample logistics and engineering expertise to handle all aspects of development without relying on a technical data package. Maintenance services for Coyotes deployed outside the continental US are also a prerequisite, with at least 15 sites requiring knowledgeable personnel for support services.White papers from interested parties are expected by January 2, 2024.The Coyote drone interceptor, an air-breathing missile deployable from ground vehicles, helicopters, or surface vessels, utilizes Ku-band radars for guidance and fire control quality. The decision to reinforce anti-drone capabilities comes in the wake of increased global investments in sophisticated counter-drone systems following Russia invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. The current geopolitical climate underscores the urgency for the US and its allies to develop, produce, and maintain effective countermeasures against armed and intelligence-gathering drones.Recent events, such as a drone attack at a military base in northern Iraq housing American and anti-jihadist coalition forces, further highlight the pressing need for enhanced anti-drone capabilities to safeguard military assets and personnel.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 13:56:18
 World 

Defense News ,Pakistan :- On Wednesday, Pakistan achieved a significant milestone with the successful flight test of its homegrown guided multi-launch rocket system, "Fattah-II." The army revealed that this advanced system boasts the capability to engage targets with remarkable precision within a range of 400 kilometres. According to a statement from the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), the media arm of the military, the "Fattah-II" is equipped with cutting-edge avionics, a sophisticated navigation system, and follows a unique flight trajectory.Highlighting its prowess, the ISPR emphasized that the weapon system can effectively engage targets with high precision over an extensive distance of 400 kilometres. The launch event was attended by senior officers from all three military services, as well as dedicated scientists and engineers who played pivotal roles in the system development.This achievement comes on the heels of Pakistan successful training launch of the Ghauri Weapon System at the end of October. Just a week prior to that, the country had conducted a flight test of the ballistic missile Ababeel Weapon System. Its worth noting that in August 2021, Pakistan had already demonstrated its technological capabilities with the successful test of the indigenously developed Fattah-1 guided multi-launch rocket system (MLRS).

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-27 13:49:43