World 

ASELSAN will present its KORKUT Air Defence Gun System on an 8x8 vehicle at Eurosatory 2024, demonstrating advanced, adaptable air defense capabilities. KORKUT features a twin barrel 35 mm turret, air burst ammunition, and automatic target tracking for comprehensive protection.ASELSAN, Türkiye’s leading defense company, will present its latest solutions and extensive product range at Eurosatory 2024 from 17-21 June. A notable highlight will be the KORKUT Air Defence Gun System, showcased on an 8x8 vehicle for the first time internationally.ASELSAN is renowned for its expertise in air defense, offering advanced, integrated solutions to meet the demands of modern warfare. The KORKUT system, already part of the Turkish Armed Forces’ inventory in a tracked vehicle configuration, demonstrates remarkable adaptability. It can be configured for stationary use, or integrated on tracked or 8x8 vehicles, ensuring effective performance in diverse environments and challenging terrains.The KORKUT system is designed to protect mobile units and mechanized troops with its stabilized, unmanned gun turret capable of firing on the move. It features the ATOM 35 mm Airburst Ammunition, also developed by ASELSAN, to counter a variety of threats including helicopters, aircraft, cruise missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).Key features of the KORKUT Air Defence Gun System include:Twin Barrel 35 mm Gun Turret: Capable of firing at a rate of 2 x 550 rounds per minute.Air Burst Ammunition: Effective against fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft, cruise missiles, air-to-ground missiles, and UAVs.Automatic Linkless Ammunition Feed Mechanism (ALAFM): Allows loading two different types of ammunition simultaneously and switching between them in less than 15 seconds.Stabilized Gun Turret: Enables target tracking and firing on the move.Automatic Target Tracking: Utilizes an integrated tracking platform with radar and electro-optical (E/O) sensors.Additionally, the KORKUT Command and Control Vehicle enhances operational effectiveness with:3D Search Radar: For comprehensive target acquisition and tracking.Advanced Threat Evaluation: Implements sophisticated weapon assignment algorithms.Integrated IFF System: Ensures identification of friend or foe.Coordinated Operations: Facilitates collaboration with higher echelon command and control units.The showcase at Eurosatory 2024 underscores ASELSAN's commitment to delivering advanced air defense solutions that adapt to evolving operational needs, enhancing the capabilities of defense forces worldwide.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 16:23:08
 World 

The Leopard 2 A-RC 3.0, developed by KNDS, features an unmanned turret and advanced protection systems, enhancing crew safety and combat effectiveness in modern armored warfare.KNDS (KMW + NEXTER Defense Systems) has introduced the Leopard 2 A-RC 3.0, an advanced variant of the Leopard 2 tank featuring an unmanned turret. This significant innovation enhances capabilities and crew protection, reflecting a pivotal evolution in armored combat vehicles.Key Features and InnovationsThe Leopard 2 A-RC 3.0 stands out due to its unmanned turret, a design that redefines tank operation and crew safety. The turret's unmanned nature allows the crew to be relocated to a heavily protected compartment, reducing onboard personnel to three. This compartment offers maximum protection, significantly improving crew survivability in hostile environments.Armor and Protection:The tank is equipped with reactive armor and has the potential for an integrated active protection system, enhancing its defensive capabilities against various threats.Firepower:The turret supports 120mm, 130mm, or 140mm guns, making it versatile for different combat scenarios. An automatic loading mechanism enables the firing of three shots in just 10 seconds.The exact ammunition capacity is undisclosed but exceeds the standard load of the traditional Leopard 2.It can be outfitted with a remote weapon system, including a 30x113mm gun and a mortar for deploying smoke screens.The system can integrate anti-tank missiles and drones, extending combat capabilities beyond conventional engagements.A guided missile system allows for engaging targets beyond line of sight while moving.A remote-controlled 30mm weapon system enhances its ability to counter near-field and aerial threats.Design and Dimensions:The turret's low-profile design minimizes visibility, making the tank a more elusive target.Dimensions: 7.95 meters in length (11.17 meters including the gun), 3.73 meters in width, and 2.4 meters in height (2.84 meters with the periscope).Ground clearance is 500 millimeters, combining robust protection with impressive mobility.Performance:Powered by a 1500-horsepower engine, the tank can reach speeds of up to 65 kilometers per hour.Maximum road range is 460 kilometers, ensuring swift navigation across diverse terrains.Weight varies around 60 tons, depending on the configuration.Strategic SignificanceThe Leopard 2 A-RC 3.0 is not just an interim solution before the Main Ground Combat System (MGCS) but also a technological precursor to it. It maintains full backward compatibility, allowing current Leopard 2 variants to be upgraded to this new standard. This modular approach ensures the tank can be customized to meet specific customer needs.Development ContextThe unveiling of the Leopard 2 A-RC 3.0 follows a breakthrough agreement between Germany and France to develop the MGCS, intended to replace both the Leopard 2 and the French Leclerc. KNDS, alongside Rheinmetall, will lead this ambitious project, with Nexter manufacturing 50% of the systems, while the remaining half is shared between the two German contractors.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 16:15:58
 World 

Hezbollah launched a major coordinated attack on Israeli military sites, including rocket and drone strikes, in retaliation for the killing of a senior commander by Israel. This escalation marks the largest drone offensive by Hezbollah in the ongoing conflict.Hezbollah, the Lebanon-based militant group, significantly escalated hostilities along Lebanon's southern border by launching a series of coordinated attacks on Israeli military sites. This marked the second consecutive day of intensified conflict, prompted by the killing of a senior Hezbollah commander in an Israeli airstrike.Details of the AttackOn Thursday, Hezbollah announced it had targeted nine Israeli military sites with rockets and weaponized drones. This large-scale attack involved volleys of Katyusha and Falaq rockets fired at six locations and the launch of drones at three significant targets: Israel's northern command headquarters, an intelligence headquarters, and a military barracks.According to Al-Manar television, Hezbollah fired more than 100 rockets simultaneously, marking a significant escalation in their military activities. A security source informed Reuters that the drone attack included at least 30 drones, the largest such offensive by Hezbollah in the ongoing conflict, which has been active for eight months.Background and RetaliationThe escalation followed an Israeli strike on Tuesday that killed a senior Hezbollah field commander. In response, Hezbollah carried out at least eight attacks on Wednesday. The group's statement emphasized that Thursday's operations were a direct retaliation for the commander's death.Since the outbreak of the Gaza war in October, Hezbollah and Israel have exchanged fire intermittently. However, the killing of the Hezbollah commander triggered a notable increase in hostilities over the past two days.Broader ContextHezbollah, backed by Iran, has long been involved in regional conflicts and has a history of hostilities with Israel. The group's increased use of drones and coordinated rocket attacks signifies a shift in its military strategy, aiming to leverage advanced technology for more impactful strikes. Israel's northern command, the intelligence headquarters, and military barracks targeted in the drone attacks are critical to the country's defense infrastructure. Hezbollah's capability to conduct such large-scale drone offensives indicates a significant enhancement in its operational capacity.ImplicationsThe latest attacks underscore the volatile and escalating nature of the conflict between Hezbollah and Israel. This increase in hostilities poses a substantial risk to regional stability and could lead to further military engagements.ConclusionThe recent escalation by Hezbollah highlights the ongoing and intensifying conflict with Israel. With advanced weaponry and coordinated attacks, the group continues to challenge Israeli military operations, raising concerns over broader regional implications.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 16:10:41
 India 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired a high-level meeting to address the security situation in Jammu & Kashmir following recent terror attacks, emphasizing a comprehensive and coordinated counter-terrorism response.Prime Minister Narendra Modi convened a high-level meeting on Thursday to review the security situation in Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) in light of recent terror incidents. The meeting, attended by National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval and other senior officials, aimed to assess the current security landscape in the region.Briefing on Counter-Terrorism EffortsGovernment sources reported that Prime Minister Modi received a detailed briefing on the ongoing counter-terrorism efforts in J&K. He was informed about the strategies and operations in place to address terrorist activities and ensure regional safety. The meeting highlighted the latest intelligence inputs and measures being taken to neutralize potential threats.PM Modi Emphasizes Comprehensive ResponseDuring the meeting, Prime Minister Modi underscored the need for a comprehensive response to terrorism. He directed officials to utilize all available resources and strategies to combat terrorist activities effectively. Emphasizing a robust and coordinated approach, PM Modi stressed the importance of deploying India's full range of counter-terror capabilities to safeguard the region.Discussions with Home Minister and J&K Lieutenant GovernorIn addition to the high-level meeting, PM Modi held discussions with Home Minister Amit Shah to review the deployment of security forces and the progress of ongoing counter-terror operations. He also spoke with J&K Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha to get an update on the local administration's efforts to maintain security and address recent incidents.Recent Terror Attacks Prompt ReviewThe review meeting followed a series of significant terror attacks in J&K, which have raised concerns about the region's security. Recent incidents include:Reasi Terror Attack (June 9): Terrorists targeted a bus in Reasi, causing it to plunge into a gorge. The attack resulted in the deaths of at least nine pilgrims and injuries to 42 others.Kathua Terror Attack: Although details remain limited, this attack has contributed to the heightened state of alert in the region.Doda Terror Attack: A constable from the Special Operations Group (SOG) was injured during an encounter with terrorists in the Doda district, according to the Jammu and Kashmir police.PM Modi Directs Deployment of Full Counter-Terror CapabilitiesPrime Minister Modi, during the meeting, instructed officials to deploy the "full spectrum of counter-terror capabilities." He emphasized the necessity of a coordinated response to the security challenges faced in J&K. The directive includes enhanced intelligence gathering, increased deployment of security personnel, and the use of advanced technology to counter terrorist threats.Government's Commitment to Regional SecurityThe government's focus on comprehensive counter-terror measures underscores its commitment to ensuring the safety and security of Jammu & Kashmir. PM Modi's review of the security situation demonstrates the government's resolve to address the ongoing challenges posed by terrorism in the region. The strategic use of resources and a coordinated approach aim to restore peace and stability in J&K.ConclusionPrime Minister Narendra Modi's high-level meeting to review the security situation in Jammu & Kashmir reflects the government's proactive stance on combating terrorism. By emphasizing a comprehensive and coordinated response, the government aims to ensure the safety and security of the region, addressing recent incidents with a full spectrum of counter-terror capabilities.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 16:05:54
 India 

Ajit Doval has been reappointed as National Security Advisor for a third consecutive term, reflecting his significant contributions to India's national security. His tenure includes key operations such as the surgical strikes in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and the Balakot air strike.The Government of India has reappointed former IPS officer Ajit Doval as the National Security Advisor (NSA) for a third consecutive term. This historic appointment makes Doval the first NSA to hold the position across three consecutive terms, underscoring his critical role in national security.Ajit Doval, a 1968 batch IPS officer, initially assumed the NSA role in May 2014, shortly after Prime Minister Narendra Modi began his first term. With his reappointment effective from June 10, 2024, Doval will continue in this pivotal role, aligning his tenure with the term of the Prime Minister. Doval's tenure as NSA has been marked by significant contributions to India's security strategy, earning him the rank of Cabinet Minister in the Table of Precedence.Key Contributions and BackgroundDoval is widely recognized as a counter-terrorism expert and a specialist in nuclear issues. His notable achievements include orchestrating surgical strikes on terror launch pads in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir following the Uri terror attack and playing a crucial role in the Balakot air strike after the Pulwama attack. These operations were pivotal in reinforcing India's proactive stance on national security and combating terrorism.In 1999, Doval was one of the main negotiators during the hijacking of Indian Airlines flight IC-814 to Kandahar. His extensive career in the Intelligence Bureau (IB) spanned over 33 years, during which he held various roles, including operational chief in Punjab. He has also served in sensitive areas such as the Northeast, Jammu and Kashmir, and had an assignment in the United Kingdom, contributing to his vast experience in security matters.Additional AppointmentsThe Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has also reappointed Dr. PK Mishra as the Principal Secretary to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Mishra's reappointment is similarly effective from June 10, 2024, and will last for the duration of the Prime Minister's term.Additionally, the government has appointed two IAS officers, Amit Khare and Tarun Kapoor, as Advisors to Prime Minister Modi. These appointments reflect the government’s ongoing efforts to strengthen its administrative and advisory framework to support its strategic initiatives.ConclusionAjit Doval's reappointment as NSA for a third term highlights his indispensable role in shaping India's national security landscape. His extensive experience and strategic acumen continue to be crucial in addressing the complex security challenges facing the nation.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 16:00:41
 World 

NATO has surpassed its target of placing 300,000 troops on high-readiness, a measure taken in response to the threat from Russia. However, the alliance still faces significant equipment shortages that need to be addressed.NATO has surpassed its goal of placing 300,000 troops on high-readiness in response to the ongoing threat from Russia, according to a senior alliance official. This significant milestone comes after NATO leaders, prompted by Russia's invasion of Ukraine in 2022, committed to dramatically increasing the number of forces that can be deployed within 30 days.The official, speaking anonymously, confirmed that member countries' troop contributions have comfortably exceeded the set target. "The offers on the table from allies comfortably exceed the 300,000 that we set," the official stated. "These are forces which allies have said to us, 'They are available to you as of now at that level of readiness.'"This increase in high-readiness troops is part of a broader effort to modernize NATO's defensive strategies and ensure a robust response capability in the event of a Russian attack. The plans, agreed upon at a NATO summit last year, define the specific roles and responsibilities of each member country in the event of an invasion.Despite the successful increase in troop readiness, NATO faces significant challenges in meeting its equipment needs. The alliance has identified shortages in critical weaponry, including air defenses and longer-range missiles. "There are capability gaps," the official acknowledged. "There are things that we don't have enough of as an alliance at the moment, and we need to tackle."To address these shortfalls, NATO is focusing on enhancing its military capabilities and ensuring that its forces are well-equipped to execute the new defensive plans. This includes increasing investments in modern weaponry and improving coordination among member states to fill existing gaps.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:56:18
 World 

Pakistan's government has announced a nearly 15% increase in its defence budget for 2024-25, allocating Rs 2,122 billion, while striving to secure a new IMF loan to address external financial liabilities.On Wednesday, Pakistan unveiled its budget for the fiscal year 2024-25, highlighting a substantial 14.98% increase in defence spending. Finance Minister Muhammad Aurangzeb presented the budget in the National Assembly, the lower house of parliament. This budget marks the first for the coalition government of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) (PML-N) and Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), which took office following the February 8 general elections.The defence budget has been set at Rs 2,122 billion, up from Rs 1,804 billion allocated for the previous year, and Rs 1,523 billion the year before that. This increase comes at a time when Pakistan is making strenuous efforts to secure a fresh loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to meet its external liabilities.Aurangzeb also announced a target GDP growth rate of 3.6% for the next fiscal year, slightly above the 3.5% target set for the current year, which saw only 2.38% actual growth. The total volume of the budget for the coming year is Rs 18,877 billion.Key Budget AllocationsDefence Spending: Rs 2,122 billionDebt Payments: Rs 9,700 billion, making it the largest single expense.Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP): Rs 1,500 billion at the federal level, with a combined provincial and federal PSDP of Rs 3,797 billion.Economic Goals and ChallengesThe government has set an inflation target of 12% and aims to keep the budget deficit at 6.9% of GDP. The tax collection target is ambitious, set at Rs 12,970 billion, which is 38% higher than the previous year. Non-tax revenue is expected to reach Rs 3,587 billion, up from Rs 2,963 billion.To address the ongoing economic crisis, the government plans to privatize loss-making state-owned enterprises and outsource various airports. These measures are intended to streamline operations and reduce financial burdens on the state.Development FocusThe budget emphasizes development in several critical areas:Agriculture: Transforming the agriculture sector to enhance productivity.Information Technology: Promoting IT to boost exports and support industrial growth.Business and Industry: Supporting business development to create jobs and stimulate economic activity.Social Sector: Prioritizing social development and governance reforms to improve living standards and attract private investment.Opposition and Future DebatesDuring the budget presentation, opposition lawmakers from Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) protested, alleging that the government came to power through electoral fraud. Despite these protests, the budget session was adjourned and a general debate is scheduled to start on June 20, with the budget expected to be passed on June 28.IMF and Fiscal PoliciesThe new budget incorporates several IMF pre-conditions, particularly regarding revenue targets, highlighting the government's commitment to securing an IMF bailout package. Without this support, experts agree that Pakistan would struggle to meet its external financial obligations.The budget preparation took into account both domestic and international economic challenges. It aims to provide a pro-people, business-friendly framework that promotes fiscal consolidation, economic stabilization, and growth. The government plans to enhance tax collection efficiency, broaden the tax base, and implement policies that foster economic prosperity and social development.ConclusionPakistan's 2024-25 budget reflects the government's efforts to balance increased defence spending with economic development and fiscal responsibility. By setting ambitious revenue targets and focusing on critical sectors like agriculture, IT, and business, the government aims to navigate the current economic challenges and lay the groundwork for future growth.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:53:08
 India 

Jammu and Kashmir Police offer a Rs 20 lakh reward for information leading to the arrest of terrorists involved in recent attacks in Doda district, urging public assistance in the investigation.The Jammu and Kashmir Police have released sketches of four terrorists suspected to be involved in recent attacks in Doda district. A reward of Rs 20 lakh has been announced for any information that leads to their capture.On Tuesday, terrorists targeted a joint checkpost of the 4 Rashtriya Rifles and police at Chattergalla in Bhaderwah. The following day, another attack occurred in the Gandoh area, injuring seven security personnel, including a policeman.A police spokesperson confirmed that the terrorists are believed to be operating in the upper reaches of Bhaderwah, Thathri, and Gandoh, engaging in various terror-related activities. A cash reward of Rs 5 lakh is being offered for information on each of the terrorists.In addition to these incidents, the police have also released a sketch of a terrorist involved in an attack on a passenger bus in Reasi district. A Rs 20 lakh reward is available for information leading to his arrest. This attack occurred on Sunday when terrorists fired at a 53-seater bus carrying pilgrims from Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Delhi. The bus, traveling from the Shiv Khori temple to the Mata Vaishno Devi shrine in Katra, plunged into a gorge after the attack, resulting in nine deaths and 41 injuries.The police are appealing to the public for assistance in locating these terrorists. Information about their presence or movements can be reported to the authorities to claim the announced rewards.In light of these events, security has been heightened across the region, and efforts are underway to track and apprehend the perpetrators. The Jammu and Kashmir Police are committed to ensuring the safety and security of all residents and visitors in the area.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:46:56
 Space & Technology 

Three newly discovered Martian craters have been named after physicist Devendra Lal and the towns of Mursan and Hilsa, highlighting significant geological findings on Mars.Three craters recently discovered on Mars have been named in honor of the renowned cosmic ray physicist Devendra Lal and the towns of Mursan and Hilsa in northern India. This naming was approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature on June 5, 2023. The discovery and naming were facilitated by scientists from the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad, India, a unit of the Department of Space of the Government of India.The craters are located in the Tharsis volcanic region of Mars, a vast plateau near the equator in the planet's western hemisphere. Tharsis is known for housing the largest volcanoes in the Solar System.Crater Details:Lal Crater: The largest of the three, Lal Crater is 65 km wide. It was named after Professor Devendra Lal, who served as the director of PRL from 1972 to 1983. The crater is significant because evidence suggests that water once moved large volumes of sediment into it, indicating that Mars was once wet and had flowing water on its surface. The subsurface of Lal Crater contains a 45-meter thick sedimentary deposit, discovered using SHARAD (Mars SHAllow RADar sounder) on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).Mursan and Hilsa Craters: These craters, each around 10 km wide, are located on the eastern and western rims of the Lal Crater, respectively. Named after towns in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India, they provide a timeline for the infilling process of the Lal Crater, suggesting that the infilling occurred in episodic events.Scientific Discovery:The discovery was made within the Mangala crater of Mars using data from SHARAD on the MRO probe. The research team included Rajiv Bharti, Isaac Smith, S. K. Mishra, N. Srivastava, and Shital Shukla. Bharti, Mishra, and Srivastava are affiliated with PRL, while Shukla is with Gujarat University and Smith is from York University in Toronto, Canada.The PRL release highlights that the entire area of Lal Crater is covered with lava but also contains geophysical evidence of other materials, including significant sedimentary deposits. This discovery adds to the growing body of evidence that Mars once had significant amounts of water on its surface.Tharsis, the region where these craters are located, is a focal point for studying Martian geology due to its extensive volcanic features. Understanding the sedimentary processes in this region can provide insights into Mars' climatic history and the potential for past life on the planet.In conclusion, the naming of these craters after an eminent physicist and Indian towns not only honors these namesakes but also underscores the collaborative and international nature of planetary science. The discoveries made in these craters will continue to contribute to our understanding of Mars' geological history.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:42:23
 World 

Israel Aerospace Industries introduces the AIR LORA missile, boosting the operational strength of P-8I maritime patrol aircraft with advanced air-to-ground targeting.Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) is advancing its strategic efforts by equipping P-8I maritime patrol aircraft (MPA) with its latest weapon, the AIR LORA air-to-ground missile. This development underscores IAI's confidence in the AIR LORA’s performance and its potential to significantly enhance the operational capabilities of P-8I operators.The AIR LORA missile is marketed as a transformative technology in air-to-ground missile systems. Designed to engage high-value and well-protected targets, it boasts exceptional accuracy and long-range capabilities. This enables P-8I operators to strike targets from a considerable distance, thereby reducing risks to the aircraft and minimizing collateral damage.A notable feature of the AIR LORA is its versatility. It offers selectable warheads, allowing users to choose between blast fragmentation for area targets or deep penetration for heavily fortified structures. This flexibility ensures the missile is suitable for a wide range of mission requirements.IAI emphasizes the missile’s ease of integration with various aircraft, including the P-8I. The AIR LORA can function as a standalone system or be integrated with existing avionics, facilitating rapid deployment and enhancing operational readiness. This adaptability ensures that the missile can be swiftly incorporated into the P-8I fleet without extensive modifications.The missile’s survivability in complex environments is another key advantage. Equipped with an advanced navigation system, supersonic speed, and high attack angles, the AIR LORA is difficult to intercept. Its fire-and-forget capability and autonomous operation simplify the pilot's workload, making it an efficient and user-friendly weapon.The Indian Navy, being one of the largest operators of the P-8I globally, is a primary target for IAI’s marketing initiatives. Integrating the AIR LORA into their P-8I fleet could significantly enhance their offensive capabilities, providing a strategic edge in maritime operations.IAI’s move to outfit P-8I aircraft with the AIR LORA missile represents a significant step forward in military technology, promising to improve the effectiveness and safety of maritime patrol missions.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:36:07
 India 

India presses Russia to repatriate Indian nationals recruited into the Russian army, following the deaths of two Indians in the Ukraine conflict.India has called on Russia to return its citizens recruited into the Russian military after two Indians were killed in the ongoing war in Ukraine. The Indian government is taking the matter seriously, as stated by Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra. The Indian Ministry of External Affairs is in contact with Russian authorities to arrange the repatriation of the remains of the deceased.This incident is not isolated. Earlier this year, two other Indians died while fighting in Ukraine. India has traditionally maintained a neutral stance on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, refraining from voting against Russia at the United Nations or criticizing President Vladimir Putin. This neutrality is rooted in a long-standing alliance dating back to the Cold War, with extensive cooperation in defense, energy, and space exploration.The Indian government revealed that many of its citizens were misled into joining the Russian army under false pretenses. India's federal investigation agency has uncovered a human trafficking network responsible for sending at least 35 Indians to Russia under the guise of providing employment opportunities.Similar issues have arisen in other South Asian countries. Last month, Sri Lanka and Russia discussed the repatriation of Sri Lankans who had been recruited to fight in Ukraine, with at least 16 Sri Lankans reported missing in action. Sri Lankan authorities indicated that their citizens were lured to Russia with promises of lucrative salaries and benefits, including Russian citizenship.Nepal has also faced this problem. In January, Nepal requested Russia to return hundreds of Nepali nationals recruited to fight in the conflict, with at least 14 reported deaths among Nepali fighters in Ukraine.These developments highlight a broader issue of South Asian nationals being misled and trafficked into conflict zones. The governments of India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal are actively working to address this serious issue and ensure the safe return of their citizens.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:29:57
 World 

Canada begins delivering 50 Armored Combat Support Vehicles to Ukraine, part of a larger support effort against Russian aggression, including training and air defense investments.Canada has started delivering the first four out of 50 Armored Combat Support Vehicles (ACSVs) to Ukraine, supporting its defense against Russia. These vehicles, developed by General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS), are part of a significant pledge by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau in 2023. The initiative also includes investments in high-priority air defense capabilities for Ukraine.The first batch of ACSVs, worth 650 million Canadian dollars ($472.8 million), will be used to train Ukrainian troops in wounded personnel evacuation operations this summer. Notably, ten of these vehicles are in the ambulance variant.The production of future ACSVs for Ukraine is ongoing at the GDLS facility in London, Ontario. Further deliveries are planned over the next three years. GDLS Canada’s Vice President and General Manager, Jason Alejandro Monahan, expressed pride in supporting the donation, highlighting the role of these vehicles in sustaining a cross-Canada supply chain involving over 600 suppliers and supporting thousands of middle-class jobs.This delivery marks Canada’s second batch of ACSVs to Ukraine since the Russian invasion in 2022. So far, Ukraine has received 39 Armored Combat Vehicles (ACVs) from Canada. This includes training provided by more than 300 Canadian Armed Forces servicemen under Operation Unifier, Canada’s commitment to training Ukrainian troops through 2026.Operation Unifier, which started in 2015, has already trained over 41,000 Ukrainian Armed Forces members. In 2022, around 225 Canadian Army soldiers were deployed to join British, Dutch, and New Zealand counterparts to prepare Ukrainian personnel. Additionally, 40 Canadian combat engineers were sent to Poland to train Ukrainian sappers on explosives, mining, reconnaissance, and associated countermeasures.Alongside this military aid to Ukraine, Canada is also engaged in a program with GDLS to supply the Canadian Army with its own fleet of ACSVs. This approximately 2-billion Canadian dollar ($1.45 billion) program involves an order of up to 360 vehicles, including variants for troop/cargo, ambulance, electronic warfare, engineering, command post, maintenance and recovery, and mobile repair teams. These new vehicles will replace the army’s aging M113 Tracked Light Armoured Vehicle and Light Armored Vehicle II (Bison) fleets. The Canadian Army officially received its first ACSV unit in October 2023, with deliveries expected to continue until 2025.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:27:11
 India 

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is evaluating the acquisition of 12 pre-owned Mirage 2000-5 fighter jets from Qatar to address its fighter squadron shortage. A decision hinges on cost, operational life, and potential competition from Pakistan.The Indian Air Force (IAF) is exploring the purchase of 12 pre-owned Dassault Mirage 2000-5 fighter jets from Qatar. This move aims to alleviate the IAF's current shortfall, as it operates 31 fighter squadrons instead of the sanctioned 40. A team of IAF officials will soon visit Qatar to inspect these aircraft, which include nine single-seat Mirage 2000-5EDA variants and three twin-seat Mirage 2000-5DDA trainers.These Qatari Mirage 2000s come with spare engines, testing equipment, and MICA air-to-air missiles. Initial assessments suggest the jets have 30-35% of their airframe life remaining, translating to about 10 years of service. This fits well with India's timeline to phase out its existing Mirage 2000 fleet by 2035.Price DiscrepanciesThere is a notable discrepancy in the reported cost of these jets. Times Now reports that Qatar is offering the aircraft at around ₹500 crore (US$6.7 million) each. Conversely, older Reuters reports suggest Qatar might be asking for a total of $795.14 million for the fleet, equating to US$66.25 million per aircraft. This significant difference raises concerns about the deal's financial viability.Operational BenefitsAcquiring these Qatari Mirages could provide temporary relief for the IAF. The Mirage 2000 has proven its worth in the IAF, being successfully deployed during the Kargil War and the Balakot airstrike. Additionally, since the IAF already operates Mirage 2000s, integrating these additional jets would be relatively straightforward, minimizing the need for extensive pilot retraining or logistical overhauls.Strategic ConsiderationsReports indicate that Pakistan might also be interested in acquiring these Qatari Mirage jets. This could necessitate a swift decision from India if the jets are found suitable, as Pakistan has a history of competing with India for military acquisitions. Alternatives and Additional OffersIndia is also considering an offer from Greece for 18 older Mirage 2000s, primarily for spare parts. Discussions are underway for a potential joint purchase of Rafale fighter jets with Greece, which could lead to cost savings and faster delivery.ConclusionThe acquisition of used Mirage 2000s from Qatar or Greece could be a practical solution to the IAF's fighter jet shortage. However, the final decision will depend on several factors, including the actual cost of the aircraft, their remaining operational life, and potential competition from Pakistan. This deal, if it goes through, could temporarily bolster India's aerial capabilities, buying time until more modern jets can be acquired.India's defense strategy must balance immediate needs with long-term goals, ensuring that the IAF remains capable and ready to meet any challenges.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:17:38
 World 

BAE Systems is set to present the upgraded CV90MkIV at Eurosatory, featuring a new turret, with upcoming deliveries to Slovakia and the Czech Republic, highlighting its advanced battlefield capabilities.BAE Systems is preparing to showcase the latest iteration of its Combat Vehicle 90 (CV90) series, the CV90MkIV, at the Eurosatory defense exhibition. This model features a new turret and is soon to be delivered to Slovakia and the Czech Republic, in collaboration with their defense industries.The CV90MkIV is the newest development in the CV90 family, renowned for its exceptional mobility and survivability over the past twenty years. This latest version brings advanced technological capabilities and adaptability to modern battlefields. According to Tommy Gustafsson-Rask, Managing Director of BAE Systems Hägglunds, the CV90MkIV provides crews and soldiers with enhanced mobility, protection, lethality, and improved combat awareness, making it highly relevant for today’s military operations.Key Features of the CV90MkIV:Enhanced Mobility and Protection: The CV90MkIV is designed to offer superior mobility and protection, crucial for modern combat scenarios.Advanced Weapon Systems: The new turret allows for integration of a variety of weapon systems, enhancing its all-target capability.Combat-Proven: The CV90 series has been used effectively in conflicts in Afghanistan and Ukraine, demonstrating its reliability and effectiveness in combat.Wide Adoption: With 1,700 vehicles ordered across 17 different variants, the CV90 has been chosen by 10 European nations, including eight NATO members.BAE Systems Hägglunds has experienced significant demand for the CV90, securing contracts for multiple upgrade programs and the development of new vehicles. The company has heavily invested in its facilities in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, and established strong partnerships with local industries in various markets to ensure a secure and efficient supply chain.The CV90 family, particularly the Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) variant, forms the cornerstone of this vehicle series. Agile and powerful, it offers comprehensive protection to soldiers and is highly effective in the 23-38-tonne weight class. The CV90 has logged over eight million kilometers, underscoring its durability and reliability in various operational environments.As BAE Systems prepares to unveil the CV90MkIV at Eurosatory, it marks a significant milestone in the evolution of combat vehicles, promising enhanced capabilities and performance for European defense forces.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:14:34
 India 

The Indian Army has issued an RFI for Very Short Range Air Defence Systems (VSHORADs) to strengthen its layered air defense capabilities against aerial threats.India's defense sector is gearing up for a significant upgrade as the Indian Army has released a Request For Information (RFI) for new Very Short Range Air Defence Systems (VSHORADs). These systems are crucial for providing the last line of defense for ground troops against enemy aircraft, helicopters, and drones.Layered Air Defense ExplainedA comprehensive air defense strategy involves three layers: high-level, medium-level, and low-level systems. These systems are designed to detect and neutralize enemy aircraft at various altitudes. High-level and medium-level air defense systems can detect and target enemy aircraft from hundreds of kilometers away, even those with low radar visibility.Role of VSHORAD SystemsVSHORAD systems are specifically designed to counter low-flying enemy aircraft and helicopters that evade detection by long-range systems. These systems are often man-portable and include both missile and gun systems. Examples include the Stryker air defense variant, the Humvee-based Avenger system, and the Tunguska and Pantsir systems.Historically, VSHORAD systems gained prominence during the Soviet-Afghan War, where they proved effective against Russian aircraft. Their effectiveness is also evident in the current conflict in Ukraine, where both sides use these systems extensively near the front lines to counter enemy air power, including drones and attack helicopters.India's Current and Future VSHORAD NeedsIndia has recently started inducting the Igla-S missile system, a modern variant of the older Igla-M missiles. The new RFI aims to procure advanced MANPADS capable of targeting fighters, helicopters, and drones with low heat signatures. The Army is open to various guidance systems, including laser-guided options like the Swedish RBS-70 and the British Starstreak missile systems.The RFI specifies that the new system should be versatile, capable of operating in diverse conditions—from high altitudes of 5,500 meters to coastal areas, deserts, and humid riverine environments. It should also function effectively in temperatures ranging from -30°C to +45°C and be robust enough for para-dropping.India’s Home-Grown EffortsThe Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India has developed its own VSHORAD system, which has successfully cleared multiple trials. This indigenous system features advanced technologies like the Reaction Control System for enhanced maneuverability and an uncooled infrared seeker for easier logistics.Global CompetitorsManufacturers of renowned missile systems such as the Russian Verba, French Mistral, and U.S. Stinger are expected to respond to the RFI. The RFI also includes requirements for simulators and test equipment for the missile systems.ConclusionIndia’s quest for advanced VSHORAD systems underscores its commitment to enhancing its air defense capabilities. By integrating state-of-the-art technologies and considering diverse environmental conditions, the Indian Army aims to fortify its defenses against a wide range of aerial threats.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:09:55
 India 

India's upcoming missile test in the Bay of Bengal, indicated by a recent NOTAM, suggests the development of a new missile system, marking a potential advancement in its defence capabilities.India has issued a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) restricting airspace over a 415-kilometer stretch of the Bay of Bengal from June 13th to 15th, 2024. This move suggests an imminent missile test, though the exact nature of the missile remains unknown. The characteristics of the NOTAM hint that this test may involve a new missile system under development, rather than any of India's currently operational systems.India's missile program has been steadily advancing, with significant achievements in recent years. The country has been developing various advanced missile systems, including hypersonic missiles and ballistic missile defence systems. The upcoming test has drawn significant attention from defence analysts worldwide, who are eager to learn more about the missile and its implications for India's defence capabilities.Although official details about the test have not been released, open-source intelligence points to several new missile projects that India has been working on. These projects reflect India's ongoing efforts to enhance its national security and defence posture.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-13 15:05:17
 World 

Milrem Robotics and AEC Skyline have integrated Starlink SATCOM into the THeMIS UGV, enabling remote control over vast distances and enhancing battlefield safety and efficiency.Milrem Robotics, a leader in robotics and autonomous systems, has partnered with AEC Skyline, a supplier of advanced data solutions, to integrate Starlink satellite communications into the THeMIS Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV). This integration enables the UGV to be controlled from thousands of kilometers away, significantly enhancing the safety and efficiency of military operations.The THeMIS UGV, equipped with this new communication system, can now be deployed in combat zones while operators remain at a secure distance. This development is particularly critical for modern warfare, where minimizing human presence in dangerous areas is a priority.The enhanced Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS) capability will be showcased at Eurosatory 2024, an international defense and security exhibition in Paris, France, from June 17 to 21. The THeMIS Cargo CASEVAC variant, which is currently supporting Ukrainian soldiers in their conflict with Russia, has been equipped with this advanced communication system. Additionally, Ukrainian forces are using THeMIS vehicles for route clearance operations.By leveraging satellite connectivity, the THeMIS UGV can transmit data, receive commands, and relay vital information in real-time, regardless of its location. This ensures continuous and reliable communication between the UGV and its operators, enhancing situational awareness and operational effectiveness.“This marks a significant milestone in military robotics, providing unmatched capabilities for remote operation and situational awareness,” said Raul Rikk, Capability Development Director at Milrem Robotics. “With satellite communications, operators can control the robot from a safe distance, reducing the risks of direct human involvement in combat zones.”Stef Have, CEO of AEC Skyline, expressed pride in the partnership and the integration of their critical data solutions into Milrem Robotics' UGVs. “Since 2021, our collaboration has deepened, and I’m proud of our division's role in integrating this SATCOM capability into our partner’s UGVs,” he said.About Milrem Robotics:Milrem Robotics is an industry leader in robotics and autonomous systems, with offices in Estonia, Finland, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the US. The company is known for its THeMIS and Multiscope UGVs, the Type-X Robotic Combat Vehicle, and MIFIK intelligent autonomous functionalities. They have also completed the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP) project iMUGS, focusing on developing hybrid manned-unmanned systems.About AEC Skyline:AEC Skyline, based in the Netherlands, specializes in systems integration and Manned-Unmanned Teaming (MUMT). They offer a wide range of C4ISR & Cyber services and products, including advanced datalinks, tactical radios, LTE, and SATCOM solutions. Additionally, they provide specialist contract air services, including close air support, electronic warfare, and adversary air training, along with ISR, target towing, and testing services.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-12 16:24:24
 World 

Poland completes the acquisition of two Saab 340AEW aircraft from Sweden, enhancing its early warning and command capabilities.Poland has strengthened its national defense by receiving the second Saab 340AEW aircraft from Sweden. This marks the completion of a significant contract aimed at enhancing Poland's early warning and command functions. The Polish Armament Agency announced this milestone, fulfilling a contract signed in July 2023 worth approximately EUR 52 million. This acquisition underscores Poland’s commitment to modernizing its defense infrastructure amid evolving regional security challenges.The Saab 340AEW, a Swedish airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) platform, is a crucial addition to Poland’s defense system. These aircraft are designed to provide advanced surveillance capabilities essential for the early detection and tracking of potential threats. By integrating these aircraft into its defense network, Poland aims to significantly improve its situational awareness and command efficacy.The Saab 340AEW is equipped with the PS-890 AESA radar system, part of the Erieye family. This radar can track multiple targets, including ships, planes, and missiles, at ranges up to 400 kilometers (250 miles). Operating at an altitude of 6,100 meters (20,000 feet), the radar can scan a 120-degree arc on either side of the aircraft, though it has limited coverage directly behind and in front of the plane. These advanced capabilities are expected to play a vital role in Poland’s defense strategy over the next decade.Poland plans to keep these aircraft operational for about ten years, during which it will procure new aircraft of a similar class. This forward-thinking approach ensures that Poland’s early warning and command capabilities will continue to evolve, maintaining a robust defense posture.The PS-890 radar offers significant advantages over traditional radar systems. Unlike the circular radar used in AWACS planes like the E-3 Sentry, the non-movable PS-890 radar reduces drag, enhancing the aircraft’s operational efficiency. This system can simultaneously track various targets, contributing to a comprehensive surveillance network essential for national security.Poland's acquisition of the Saab 340AEW aircraft demonstrates strategic foresight in addressing modern security challenges. As these aircraft are integrated into the national defense framework, they will complement existing systems and provide a layered defense approach. This investment in advanced early warning systems reflects Poland’s dedication to maintaining a state-of-the-art defense capability.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-12 16:22:04
 India 

The National Security Guards (NSG) will soon establish new units in Ayodhya, Pathankot, and Kerala to enhance security and response capabilities in these strategic locations.The National Security Guards (NSG) are expanding their presence with new units set to become operational in Ayodhya, Pathankot, and Kerala. This move aims to support local police and other Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) in bolstering security and reducing response times in case of emergencies. A senior NSG officer confirmed that the unit in Ayodhya will be operational in the next couple of months, with the units in Pathankot and Kerala expected to follow by the end of the year. The decision to establish these hubs has been under consideration for some time, involving multiple rounds of meetings to finalize the locations.The Ram Temple in Ayodhya, inaugurated in January this year, is a sensitive site and a potential target for terrorist activities. The presence of an NSG unit will enhance its security significantly.Pathankot, a border district with strategic importance, and Kerala, which has seen an increase in fundamentalist activities and has become a logistical hub for pan-Islamic terrorist groups, were chosen for their critical locations and threat perceptions. The new NSG units will be equipped with specialized weapons and anti-drone technology to address these specific security challenges.Once these hubs are operational, there will be a total of eight NSG regional hubs across India. The existing hubs are located in Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Gandhinagar. The establishment of these units is a proactive step to address potential threats and ensure a rapid response to any adverse situations, thereby enhancing national security.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-12 15:33:16
 India 

The Indian Air Force is constructing a second runway at Leh Airbase to boost operational capacity, accommodate increased air traffic, and ensure uninterrupted operations in the high-altitude region of Ladakh.The Indian Air Force (IAF) is constructing a second runway at the Leh airbase in Ladakh, a strategic move to enhance its operational capacity in the northern sector. This development aims to manage the growing military and civilian air traffic and ensure continuous operations, especially during potential hostilities along the border.Leh airbase, located at a high altitude, has seen a substantial increase in air traffic in recent years. However, its operational window has been limited to morning hours due to the rarefied air and challenging weather conditions. The addition of a second runway is expected to address these limitations, enabling round-the-clock operations.An IAF officer, who chose to remain anonymous, highlighted the intensified military activities in the region. The Leh airbase frequently hosts operations by fighter aircraft and attack helicopters, including the Rafale, MiG-29, Su-30, and Apache. The officer stressed the need for uninterrupted operations, recalling an incident last year when a C-17 transport aircraft stranded on the runway for two days, which could pose significant risks during volatile border situations.The Leh airbase is crucial for maintaining India's military presence along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) and the Siachen Glacier. It serves as a vital hub for transporting troops, supplies, weapons, and equipment, particularly during the winter months when road access is cut off due to snow. The base is supported by other airstrips and landing grounds in the area, forming a critical network for military operations.The construction of a second runway will make Leh the first high-altitude airbase in India with dual runways, a feature already present at several IAF and naval airbases in other parts of the country. This upgrade is part of broader efforts to bolster India's strategic capabilities in the region.China has also been enhancing its military infrastructure in Tibet, with multiple runways at airbases such as Hotan, Shigatse, and Changdu Bangda. Satellite imagery has revealed new facilities and infrastructure at these bases, underscoring China's ongoing efforts to strengthen its military presence in the region.The strategic development at Leh airbase reflects India's commitment to maintaining robust defense capabilities along its northern borders, ensuring readiness and operational efficiency in a geopolitically sensitive area.

Read More → Posted on 2024-06-12 15:21:36