India 

Defense News - India quest for self-reliance in its defense arsenal has taken a significant step forward with the development of the Amogha-III, a third-generation fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile (ATGM). Currently undergoing rigorous trials with the Indian Army, the Amogha-III promises to be a formidable weapon, bolstering the country ground forces anti-armor capabilities. Specifications to Strike Fear: Range: Minimum 2.5 km (1.55 miles), maximum unspecified (reportedly exceeding previous generations) Guidance: Dual Mode Imaging Infra-Red (IIR) seeker with optional laser or W-band radar seeker for all-weather and low-visibility conditions Warhead: Tandem High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) warhead capable of piercing Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) up to 650mm, effectively neutralizing heavily armored targets Propulsion: Smokeless, signature-free propulsion system, minimizing detection and improving survivability Launch: Soft launch, meaning the motor ignites after the missile clears the launcher, protecting the operator from immediate heat and blast Seeker: Selectable attack modes - direct impact or top attack, offering flexibility against various target profiles Additional Features: Aerodynamic design for enhanced stability and accuracy, thrust vector control for improved maneuverability, lightweight for portability A Step Above the Rest: The Amogha-III represents a significant advancement over its predecessors, the Amogha-I and Amogha-II. Its extended range, advanced seeker technology, and potent warhead make it a game-changer in anti-tank warfare. The "fire-and-forget" capability allows the operator to take cover immediately after launch, enhancing survivability on the battlefield. Furthermore, the smokeless propulsion and signature-free design minimize detection, providing an edge in surprise attacks. Trials and Triumph: The Amogha-III successfully completed its first test firing in March 2023, exceeding all mission objectives. Currently, it is undergoing extensive trials with the Indian Army, undergoing rigorous testing in various terrains and weather conditions. Reports suggest that the missile is expected to receive clearance for induction into the Indian Army by next year, marking a significant milestone in India defense modernization efforts. Beyond Borders: The Amogha-IIIs capabilities have already piqued the interest of international defense markets. With its advanced technology and competitive cost, the missile has the potential to become a sought-after export option, furthering India ambitions in the global defense arena. The Amogha-III is more than just a weapon; its a symbol of India growing technological prowess and strategic self-reliance. Its successful development and deployment will not only boost the Indian Army anti-tank capabilities but also position India as a leading player in the global arms market. With the Amogha-III poised to rewrite the rules of battlefield engagement, the future of Indian ground warfare looks undeniably bright.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-20 05:21:28
 World 

Defense News - In the early months of 2023, the United States faced a pivotal moment in its involvement in conflicts abroad. The transfer of 300,000 155mm artillery shells from its War Reserve Material stockpile in Israel to Ukraine marked a significant commitment, but the landscape has shifted dramatically since then.Hamas terrorist attack on October 7 added a new layer of complexity, leading Israel to request munitions, placing additional strain on already stretched U.S. stockpiles. This development raises concerns about the adequacy of the Defense Department munitions planning and the budget priorities set by congressional appropriators.The U.S. military finds itself in a challenging position, tasked with responsibilities that surpass its current equipment capabilities. Notably, the shortage of munitions for a contingency in the Indo-Pacific region is a pressing concern, exacerbated by ongoing operations in other theaters.For instance, Ukraine monthly expenditure of 155mm shells far exceeds the U.S. monthly production, even after doubling efforts. With Israel also seeking 155mm shells, the depletion of global stockpiles raises questions about where the Pentagon can source additional shells for Israel without compromising supplies for Ukraine.The inadequacies in munitions planning not only affect artillery shells but extend to precision-guided munitions. Israel request for Small Diameter Bombs and Joint Direct Attack Munitions adds to the dilemma. Despite U.S. promises to deliver, fiscal 2022 procurement figures reveal a significant shortfall compared to Israel actual usage.Looking ahead, the Pentagon future planning is a cause for concern, especially in scenarios involving high-intensity conflicts with China. Wargames indicate that critical munitions could be depleted within eight days, highlighting a potential vulnerability in the face of emerging challenges.The Navy annual procurement of Tomahawk missiles and MK 48 torpedoes falls short of fleet requirements, posing a challenge even when all available vessels are considered. Dipping into existing military inventory provides only a temporary solution, with estimates suggesting that the Navy may not be able to reload all its ships with Tomahawks.This shortage extends to other munitions, such as Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missiles and Long Range Anti-Ship Missiles, raising concerns about the U.S. military ability to fulfill its mission of deterrence and support for allies.The unpredictability of conflict timings and scenarios adds another layer of complexity. While the focus remains on potential conflicts in multiple regions, the risk of being drawn into fights simultaneously becomes a real concern for the U.S.To address these challenges, a reevaluation of munitions acquisition and production plans is imperative. Prioritizing use based on grand strategy and national interest is crucial. One suggested solution is the increased use of multiyear procurement authorities, sending a long-term demand signal to industry and decreasing costs over time.While recent legislative measures have approved multiyear procurement for certain munitions, full funding from congressional appropriators remains a crucial factor in implementing these strategies effectively. Addressing the munitions problem is not just a matter of immediate concern but a critical step in safeguarding America interests in an increasingly complex global landscape.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-20 05:09:12
 World 

In a joint effort to enhance regional security, South Korea, the United States, and Japan announced the activation of a new system designed to detect and assess North Korea missile launches in real-time. This development follows North Korea recent test of its newest intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) on Monday, aimed at evaluating the preparedness of its nuclear force in the face of escalating U.S. hostility.Key Aspects of the Missile Warning Data Sharing System:1. Information Shared:   Under the newly activated mechanism, the three countries will exchange information continuously, providing details such as the launch site, flight trajectory, and impact point of North Korean missiles. Previously, the United States shared such information separately with South Korea and Japan.2. Rapid Response:   South Korean Defence Minister Shin Won-sik emphasized that the new system will enable faster access to warning data on North Korean missiles, allowing for a more effective response. This move is seen as a significant step forward in trilateral security cooperation.3. Purpose of Sharing:   Washington and its allies consider this mechanism a milestone in advancing trilateral security cooperation, aimed at improving their ability to safeguard their populations. The shared information is expected to facilitate quicker responses to North Korea growing nuclear and missile threats.Background on the Need for Information Sharing:1. Historical Strains:   Previous tensions between South Korea and Japan over historical issues and other disputes hindered information sharing. However, the current geopolitical landscape, with North Korea intensifying its weapons programs, prompted South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol to prioritize mending ties since taking office in May 2022.2. Security Over Politics:   Experts, including Ankit Panda of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, view the new mechanism as a safeguard against political tensions affecting cooperation. The institutionalization of this system aims to ensure its resilience against potential domestic political changes in South Korea or Japan.North Korea Response:North Korea has criticized the newly established information-sharing system, viewing it as a U.S.-led effort to escalate confrontation and bolster its military dominance in the region. The North state media characterized the tripartite data-sharing mechanism as a dangerous military action that could further intensify the regional situation.In summary, the activation of the real-time missile warning system signifies a significant stride in trilateral security cooperation among South Korea, the United States, and Japan, aiming to address the evolving threats posed by North Korea missile launches.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-20 05:02:29
 Space & Technology 

Space News - In the midst of its third mission, China reusable space plane, Shenlong, also known as the "Divine Dragon," has once again sparked intrigue by reportedly deploying six unidentified objects into Earth orbit, adding a new layer of mystery to its enigmatic nature.Amateur space enthusiasts worldwide have been diligently monitoring Shenlong movements since its recent launch. Recent revelations by these amateur observers suggest that the Chinese spacecraft has allegedly released six mysterious objects, designated as OBJECT A, B, C, D, E, and F, into orbit. The purpose behind this release remains shrouded in uncertainty, leaving enthusiasts eager to uncover the truth.Dubbed "Mysterious Wingmen" by amateur spacecraft trackers, these objects are emitting distinctive emissions. Notably, Scott Tilley, a renowned amateur astronomer with expertise in satellite tracking, has been closely studying these enigmatic entities. Tilley refers to the objects as "mysterious wingmen," emphasizing that OBJECT As emission is reminiscent of earlier emissions from Chinese space plane "wingmen." He notes that the signal is modulated with a limited amount of data, sparking speculation about its origin.Tilley shared his observations with Space.com, stating, "There is speculation that the emission from OBJECT A may be from an object close to it, but this is speculation, not based on any evidence I am aware of." He points out that unlike emissions from earlier Chinese space plane missions, these emissions are intermittent and do not persist for an extended period. The process of gathering this data has required days of meticulous observations and tracking with dish antennas.According to Space.com, Tilley and fellow trackers express confidence that the emissions are linked to the objects or their proximity. Their confidence is rooted in factors such as the expected paths of the objects, the absence of other known objects during data collection, and the unique modulation observed, which, according to Tilley, aligns with patterns seen in previous Chinese space plane missions.Tilley suggests that this iteration of the Chinese space plane mission displays different radio behavior compared to its predecessors. He emphasizes that close encounters between OBJECT A and Objects D and E should be closely monitored in the coming days, given their distinct orbits.This mysterious deployment of objects into orbit echoes similar behavior observed in China previous space plane missions launched in September 2020 and August 2022. During those missions, the space plane released unknown objects into orbit, fueling speculation ranging from service modules to small satellites designed for monitoring the space plane activities. As the intrigue deepens, the global community awaits further developments and revelations surrounding China secretive space missions.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-20 04:55:39
 India 

Defense News - India is set to enhance its strategic ties with Armenia by exporting its indigenous anti-air system, the Akash, marking another milestone in the growing list of military exports to the Asian nation. This comprehensive deal, estimated at ₹6,000 crore, includes a range of military hardware such as multi-barrel rocket launchers, artillery guns, various ammunition types, and drones.Manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), deliveries of the Akash anti-air systems are expected to commence soon, solidifying India commitment to bolstering Armenia defense capabilities. The Akash system, currently in service with the Indian Armed Forces, has garnered interest from other nations like Vietnam and the Philippines.The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) spearheaded the design and development of an improved version of the Akash system. Noteworthy features include a reduced footprint, 360° engagement capability, and advanced seekers, enhancing its effectiveness in countering aerial threats. With an impressive 82% indigenous content, the project also allocates 60% of its cost to the private industry, including Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), thereby maintaining a robust supply chain for the system.Back in April, the Indian defense ministry hinted at an undisclosed export order for the Akash anti-air system, withholding details about the recipient nation. In March of the same year, the Indian Army procured two additional regiments of the air defense system in a deal valued at ₹8,160 crore, further underscoring the system importance in safeguarding national security.Its worth noting that in November of the previous year, Kalyani Strategic Systems secured a $155 million deal with an undisclosed overseas customer for artillery guns. Significantly, this export order was also destined for Armenia, demonstrating India commitment to fortifying Armenia defense infrastructure through various advanced military technologies.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-20 04:43:27
 Space & Technology 

Space News - While they may not be the iconic gold rings sung about in "The Twelve Days of Christmas," the celestial rings of Uranus take center stage in a captivating portrait captured by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).This marks the second time this year that the JWST has turned its lens toward Uranus, presenting a spectacular image that builds upon its earlier April release. Unlike the initial two-toned portrayal, the recent image incorporates additional wavelengths, specifically 2.1 and 4.6 microns. This expanded spectrum provides a more comprehensive glimpse of the seventh planet from the sun.The JWSTs latest portrayal of Uranus goes beyond showcasing the planet itself. The infrared light highlights the brilliance of Uranus distinctive rings, with the telescope optics revealing even the elusive inner Zeta-ring. The cropped view exposes some of Uranus smaller, fainter moons nestled within the rings, while the broader perspective features the five larger moons: Ariel, Miranda, Oberon, Titania, and Umbriel.The enhanced level of detail in these images brings Uranus north polar cap into sharp focus. Unlike the solid ice polar caps of Earth and Mars, Uranus, being a gaseous giant, boasts hazy haloes of aerosols suspended high in its atmosphere. The JWSTs image depicts Uranus north polar cap directly facing us and the sun, exhibiting a bright central spot and a dark collar. Both features, previously observed through infrared and radio-wavelength observations, now appear with unprecedented clarity. The white-hued bright spot marks the center of a vast cyclonic vortex, radiating warmth in contrast to its surroundings.The image also unveils luminous storms swirling around the polar cap, believed to be influenced by seasonal variations. Uranus, with its peculiar axial tilt of 98 degrees, rolls around the sun on its side. Unlike other planets, Uranus presents its poles head-on, creating distinctive climatic conditions that astronomers eagerly observe in anticipation of Uranus northern summer solstice in 2028.At the solstice, Uranus polar cap experiences heightened activity. Due to its extreme tilt, one pole remains bathed in perpetual daylight for a quarter of a Uranian year, while the other endures continuous night. Currently, the north pole faces Earth, but by 2070, Uranus southern pole will take its turn to experience what qualifies as summer at such an immense distance from the sun—2.96 billion kilometers (1.83 billion miles) away.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 17:14:41
 World 

Defense News - In the dark hours of Monday, a powerful 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the mountainous province of Gansu in China, sending shockwaves through the neighboring Qinghai region. The seismic event, occurring around midnight local time (16:00 GMT), has already resulted in over 700 reported injuries in the frigid conditions, and the death toll is feared to rise.Chinese President Xi Jinping has swiftly mobilized thousands of rescue personnel to the affected area, known for its challenging terrain and being among the country most economically disadvantaged and ethnically diverse regions. This earthquake marks China deadliest since 2014 when a devastating quake claimed the lives of more than 600 people in the southwestern Yunnan province.Images broadcasted on state TV and shared across social media platforms reveal the extensive damage caused by the quake. Entire villages appear split, and buildings lie in ruins, reflecting the force of the tremors. In the aftermath, displaced residents are seen huddled around makeshift fires in hastily arranged evacuation camps, battling temperatures as low as -13°C (8.7°F).Survivors recount harrowing experiences, likening the tremors to being "tossed by surging waves." In the chaotic moments following the quake, families rushed out of their homes, seeking safety. "I woke my family up, and we rushed down all 16 floors in one breath," recounted a man identified as Mr. Qin by Chinese media.The worst-hit region is Jishishan county in Gansu province, where local officials report that more than 5,000 buildings have been damaged. Mudslides triggered by the quake have affected numerous structures, and landslides have damaged dozens of roads. A director of the Gansu rescue team attributes the widespread damage to poor building quality, highlighting the prevalence of old clay structures in many villages.Gansu, situated between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and bordering Mongolia, is known for its remote and impoverished status. The epicenter of the quake lies in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, home to various Chinese Muslim groups, including the Hui, Bonan, Dongxiang, and Salar people.While Chinese authorities report a magnitude of 6.2 on the Richter scale, the US Geological Survey (USGS) records a slightly lower magnitude of 5.9 with a depth of 10km (6 miles). A series of aftershocks have been reported in the area.Adding to the challenges, a 5.5 magnitude quake struck Xinjiang, the province west of Gansu, on Tuesday. Fortunately, there are no immediate reports of casualties, but the seismic activity has disrupted power and water supplies across the region, hampering ongoing rescue efforts.With sub-zero temperatures prevailing, rescue teams face a race against time to locate and aid survivors. Wang Yi, chief commander of China largest non-governmental humanitarian organization, the Blue Sky Rescue Team, emphasizes the urgency of the situation. "It is too cold to bear... its -15°C [here]," he states, expressing concerns that the casualty count is likely to rise as rescue operations intensify.President Xi Jinping has issued directives for all-out efforts in search and rescue operations, prompt medical treatment for the injured, and the minimization of casualties. The earthquake underscores China vulnerability to seismic events due to its location where several tectonic plates, including the Eurasian, Indian, and Pacific plates, converge. The nation has a history of earthquakes, with the 2010 quake in Yushu and the devastating 2008 earthquake in Sichuan being stark reminders of the potential for widespread destruction.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 17:02:37
 World 

Defense News - In a recent clash near the town of Balayan, approximately 68 kilometers south of Manila, six communist guerrillas from the New People s Army (NPA) and one soldier lost their lives, while three other soldiers sustained injuries, according to officials. The skirmish occurred just as the Philippine government geared up to recommence peace talks in an effort to bring an end to one of the world enduring Maoist insurgencies.This development unfolded three weeks after both the government and the rebels agreed to resume negotiations, marking a potential breakthrough in the nearly 55-year-long insurgency that has tragically claimed thousands of lives. The Philippine Army reported that government forces engaged in a firefight with NPA guerrillas during the clash.Defense Secretary Gilberto Teodoro expressed determination, stating, "The Armed Forces of the Philippines will pursue the fight against all terrorist groups that put our country in harm s way." He extended condolences to the family of the deceased soldier. The resurgence of hostilities underscores the challenges in achieving a lasting resolution to the conflict.Originating from the global communist movement, the insurgency found resonance among the rural poor in the Philippines. At its peak in the 1980s, the NPA boasted around 26,000 fighters, a number that has significantly dwindled to less than 2,000, according to military estimates. Peace talks have been a recurrent feature of successive Philippine administrations, facilitated through the National Democratic Front, the Netherlands-based political arm of the communists.Under the administration of former President Rodrigo Duterte, the last round of peace talks occurred in 2017. Duterte subsequently labeled the group as a terrorist organization, discontinuing negotiations. The current administration under President Ferdinand Marcos expresses optimism about restarting peace talks next year, signaling a renewed effort to find a comprehensive and lasting solution to the protracted conflict.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 16:48:52
 Space & Technology 

Space News - Astrobotic, a Pittsburgh-based space exploration company, is gearing up for the launch of its Peregrine lunar lander in early January. The company announced on December 19 that Peregrine has successfully completed all pre-launch integration activities, including fueling and mating with the payload adapter for United Launch Alliance Vulcan Centaur rocket. The launch is scheduled for January 8 from Cape Canaveral, Florida.Originally planned for this month, the launch was postponed due to a wet dress rehearsal interruption caused by ground systems issues in early December. United Launch Alliance (ULA) confirmed the new launch date of January 8 after completing the dress rehearsal on December 14.Peregrine is equipped with 20 commercial and government payloads, including five from NASA as part of its Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) program. The payloads range from a small lunar rover developed by Carnegie Mellon University to commemorative and memorial payloads from various organizations. Some NASA instruments initially planned for Peregrine were removed earlier in the year, a decision linked to the lander performance and available descent engines.John Thornton, CEO of Astrobotic, expressed confidence in the mission, stating, "If you have been following the lunar industry, you understand landing on the Moon surface is incredibly difficult. With that said, our team has continuously surpassed expectations and demonstrated incredible ingenuity." Peregrine will enter lunar orbit, with a planned landing on February 23. The spacecraft will lower its apolune from 9,000 kilometers to 100 kilometers, spending most of the time between launch and landing waiting for favorable lighting conditions.While Peregrine aims to be the first CLPS mission to launch, it may not be the first to land. Intuitive Machines plans to launch its IM-1 lunar lander mission on a SpaceX Falcon 9 between January 12 and 16, setting up a potential landing on January 19 to 21. However, LC-39A, the SpaceX pad required for the launch, is currently configured for the Falcon Heavy launch of the X-37B military spaceplane, which has been delayed to no earlier than December 28. This delay could impact the readiness of LC-39A for the IM-1 launch within the January timeframe.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 16:41:37
 World 

Defense News - Romania has received the green light to acquire Javelin anti-tank guided missiles from the United States in a potential foreign military sale valued at approximately $80 million. This approval, recently announced by the US State Department, encompasses 263 Javelin missiles and 26 launch units.In addition to the weaponry, Romania has sought missile simulation rounds, along with associated operating equipment and other logistical and program support services. The sale, endorsed by the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency, is seen as a strategic move to enhance Romania defense capabilities. As a NATO ally, Romania plays a crucial role in maintaining stability in Europe.The foreign military sale is expected to empower Bucharest in addressing both current and future threats, aligning with its national defense requirements and building long-term defense capacity. Lockheed Martin and Raytheon have been designated as the prime contractors for this significant arms deal.The Javelin, a US-manufactured tactical missile system, stands out for its ability to effectively neutralize main battle tanks and other armored vehicles with heightened precision. Noteworthy is its proficiency at short and medium ranges, accommodating day or night operations. The fire-and-forget capability of this anti-tank weapon allows operators to fire and promptly seek cover or reposition.According to the US Army, the Javelin tandem warheads are instrumental in defeating all known armor threats, offering defensive capabilities against both attacking and hovering helicopters.Upon delivery, Romania will join the ranks of several countries already operating the Javelin system. This global roster includes Australia, Estonia, France, Taiwan, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom. The acquisition underscores Romania commitment to bolstering its defense posture and contributing to collective security efforts.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 16:37:24
 World 

Defense News - On December 18, a recently released study has illuminated potential hurdles in the Pentagon ambitious project to deploy a network of space sensors dedicated to detecting and tracking hypersonic missiles. Conducted by the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the study relies on internal modeling and simulations to pinpoint areas of improvement in the proposed network. Titled "Getting on Track: Space and Airborne Sensors for Hypersonic Missile Defense," the report aims to spark a conversation about addressing the challenges associated with countering these highly maneuverable missile threats.The study acknowledges the inherent difficulty in designing a flawless sensor architecture and emphasizes the need for continuous refinement. Hypersonic weapons, capable of flying at speeds exceeding five times the speed of sound, pose a unique challenge due to their rapid velocity and unpredictable flight paths, making detection and tracking a complex task.A key aspect highlighted in the report is the Defense Department investment in a multi-layered system of missile-tracking sensors. It underscores the significance of advancing technology for sensor fusion, the process of combining data from various sensors to create accurate tracks. This is crucial to prevent confusion, as a fast-traveling missile can resemble multiple objects.While acknowledging the substantial investment by the DoD in space sensors as a cornerstone of hypersonic defense architecture, the report cautions that technical challenges remain. Infrared and electro-optical sensing technologies are mature, but tracking hypersonic missiles is more challenging than traditional ballistic missile warning systems. The report compares the difficulty to tracking a slightly brighter candle in a sea of candles, requiring extensive testing for validation.Masao Dahlgren, the author of the report, emphasizes the importance of "fire control" data precise enough to guide an interceptor accurately. The quality of this data directly influences the interceptor maneuverability and cost. The report suggests that having more precise data could lead to more cost-effective interceptors.Another critical concern highlighted is the process of sensor fusion, analogous to the challenges faced by autonomous vehicles. The report draws parallels, explaining that, similar to cars using multiple sensors for navigation, missile defense requires merging data from multiple satellites to form a comprehensive target track.The study raises questions about the future low Earth orbit architecture being developed by the Space Development Agency, which plans to deploy dozens of tracking satellites. The challenge lies in effectively fusing data from multiple sources into a common operating picture, with the capacity for sensor fusion becoming a potential bottleneck.Addressing coverage tradeoffs, particularly in the Indo-Pacific region where Chinese hypersonic missiles might be deployed, the report suggests various orbit architectures, each with its pros and cons. It underscores the need for careful consideration of factors such as coverage, persistence, and cost when deploying satellites in low Earth orbit (LEO), medium Earth orbit (MEO), geostationary orbit (GEO), or highly elliptical orbit (HEO).The study concludes by emphasizing the complexity of sensor fusion as a critical engineering challenge and urges stakeholders to carefully weigh the tradeoffs for effective hypersonic missile defense. It provides valuable insights into the technical challenges and considerations that the Pentagon must address as it advances its hypersonic defense initiatives. Funding for the study was provided by industry leaders, including General Atomics, L3Harris, Leidos, and Lockheed Martin.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 15:58:23
 World 

Defense News - The US State Department has greenlit a potential sale of Sikorsky UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters to Greece, with a total value of $1.95 billion. The proposed acquisition aims to enhance Athens helicopter fleet by replacing existing units with 35 advanced Black Hawk helicopters renowned for their reliability and versatility.In addition to the helicopters, the deal encompasses various sophisticated systems, including common missile warning, radar, and wireless intercom systems. The potential agreement also opens the door to procuring unguided rockets, machine guns, and other ballistic weaponry, further bolstering the aircraft capabilities.As part of the comprehensive package, Greece will receive personnel training and training equipment to ensure seamless integration of the Black Hawk helicopters into its armed forces. This move follows Greece recent fiscal stabilization, enabling the allocation of a substantial six-year defense procurement budget, estimated at approximately 11.5 billion euros ($12.6 billion).This is not the first collaboration between the United States and Greece in the realm of military acquisitions. In 2019, a similar agreement saw Greece acquiring MH-60R Seahawks, reinforcing its commitment to NATOs military capabilities.The Sikorsky UH-60M Black Hawks, at the heart of this proposed deal, are twin-engine, medium-lift military helicopters known for their versatility. Designed to perform a range of tasks from mine-laying to medical evacuation, these helicopters are equipped with T700-GE-701D engines, granting them a maximum speed of 159 knots (183 miles/295 kilometers per hour) and a cruising speed of 152 knots (175 miles/282 kilometers per hour). Manned by a four-person crew, including two pilots and two crew chiefs or gunners, these helicopters represent a significant advancement for Greece military capabilities.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 15:53:58
 India 

Defense News - In a recent exchange filing, Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited has inked Shipbuilding Contracts with a European client, marking a significant milestone. The agreement, formalized on December 14, 2023, entails the construction of three cutting-edge Multi-Purpose Hybrid Powered Vessels, each boasting a deadweight tonnage of 7,500 (DWT). The overall contract value for this endeavor is estimated to be approximately $42 million.Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders, headquartered in Mumbai, shared insights into the comprehensive nature of the project, encompassing the entire spectrum of activities from design to construction and eventual delivery of these advanced vessels.The execution timeline for the project is clearly defined, with the initial vessel set to be delivered 27 months from the effective date of the contract. Subsequent vessels are slated for delivery at two-month intervals thereafter.Notably, Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders has witnessed a robust financial performance, with a 7.5 percent year-over-year increase in revenue, soaring from Rs 1,702 crore in Q2FY23 to Rs 1,828 crore in Q2FY24. Simultaneously, the net profit has experienced a remarkable surge of 56 percent, escalating from Rs 200 crore to Rs 313 crore during the same period.The company has been actively investing in its modernization program, committing Rs 900 crore towards enhancing the building capacity for warships and submarines since 2014. Among its notable achievements is the development of Shore Integration Facilities (SIF) for Shipbuilding and Submarine Divisions, allowing for the integration and simulation of various systems and equipment prior to installation.Furthermore, a strategic collaboration was initiated on October 21, 2022, as Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders partnered with Altair, a global leader in computational science and artificial intelligence (AI), to bolster multiple simulation areas. This collaboration builds on an existing relationship, as Mazagon Dock already leverages Altair solutions to fortify its ship design and engineering offerings.With an impressive order book standing at Rs 37,500 crore, the company continues to attract new orders, securing contracts worth approximately Rs 350 crore for shipbuilding and carrier training ships.Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited, a key player in India shipbuilding landscape, has been a cornerstone in the defense sector. The company portfolio includes the construction of 801 vessels, encompassing 27 warships and 7 submarines. Notably, Mazagon Dock stands out as India sole shipyard dedicated to building destroyers and conventional submarines for the Indian Navy, underscoring its vital role in the country maritime capabilities.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 15:50:52
 World 

Defense News - Estonia has declared its commitment to providing substantial military assistance to Ukraine in the face of Russia invasion, offering a comprehensive aid package valued at around 80 million euros ($87.5 million). The assistance comprises Javelin anti-tank missiles, surface and land platforms, diving equipment, machine guns, light weapons, and ammunition to bolster Ukraine defense capabilities.Hanno Pevkur, Estonia Minister of Defense, emphasized that this long-term military support aims to maximize benefits for Ukraine without depleting Estonia own military resources. Reflecting on the pivotal role played by Estonian Javelins in the defense of Kyiv last year, Pevkur highlighted the need for ongoing international support to ensure Ukraine fight for freedom is successful.The aid package serves as a strategic message to counter the actions of the Russian regime, with a commitment to sustained support until Ukraine achieves victory. Pevkur emphasized the broader implications, stating, "What s at stake isn’t only the security of Ukraine, but also Estonian, transatlantic, and global security as a whole."In conjunction with the announcement, the Estonian government released a discussion paper evaluating transatlantic security in the context of the Eastern European conflict. The documentation outlines estimates of the annual support required to ensure Ukraine triumph over Russia.Pevkur called on the international community, stating, "Allies have what it takes," highlighting that a relatively small commitment—0.25% of the gross domestic product annually from free-world nations—could significantly impact Russia aggressive actions in Ukraine. He stressed that such support is a modest investment compared to the potential costs if Russia aggression goes unchecked.To underscore their commitment, Estonia plans to allocate the same percentage of its gross domestic product for the next four years to bolster Ukraine military capabilities. Pevkur urged the importance of collective efforts, stating, "Ukraine is also fighting for us," and emphasized the significance of each war machine destroyed with external assistance in reducing the Russian threat to Europe. The overarching message is a call to action, demonstrating that with determination, there is a path to providing enduring support for Ukraine in its quest for freedom.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 15:45:43
 World 

Defense News - Kyiv-based Terminal Autonomy has secured a contract to supply the Ukrainian Armed Forces with 50 AQ-400 Scythe drones each month, and there are ambitious plans to scale production to 500 units by 2024. Co-founder Francisco Serra-Martins expressed the company ultimate goal of manufacturing 1,000 units on a monthly basis, as reported by Forbes.What sets the AQ-400 Scythe drone apart is its construction using "milled sheets of plywood from a network of furniture factories." This innovative approach to material selection distinguishes it from other drones on the market, including those made through 3D printing or composed of materials like fiberglass. The plywood construction facilitates a more scalable mass production process.The drone boasts an impressive operational range of 750 to 900 kilometers (466 to 559 miles), depending on the engine variant chosen. This extensive reach places significant portions of Russian territory and the entirety of Crimea within its operational scope. Terminal Autonomy offers flexibility in engine options, allowing the drone to be equipped with either domestic or imported engines.With a cruising speed of 140 kilometers (85 miles) per hour, the AQ-400 Scythe can accelerate to 200 kilometers (124 miles) per hour during its terminal stage, ensuring swift and effective mission execution.Drawing parallels with the Iranian Shahed drone, the AQ-400 Scythe features a 42-kilogram (92-pound) warhead. This includes the option of a locally manufactured thermobaric warhead or a pair of 122mm artillery rounds that disperse shrapnel, according to insights from Serra-Martins as reported by Forbes. The drone modular bay supports various mission-specific payloads, and its compact design enables the stacking of 30 drones within a standard shipping container.A notable aspect of the AQ-400 Scythe is its cost-effectiveness, with a base price of $15,000 or $30,000 when equipped with guidance systems. Additionally, the drone exhibits versatility in take-off options, capable of launching from short runways, such as roads, or utilizing rocket-assisted take-offs in scenarios where traditional runways are unavailable. This combination of features positions the AQ-400 Scythe as a formidable and adaptable asset in the Ukrainian Armed Forces drone arsenal.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 15:40:50
 India 

Defense News - The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) has ushered in a new era for military technology procurement, marking a significant advancement in the precision capabilities of tanks. Currently, the manual positioning of T-90 tanks for target accuracy is set to undergo a transformative change with the approval of cutting-edge technologies.In a pivotal meeting held on November 30, the DAC greenlit the acquisition and integration of two groundbreaking technologies for T-90 tanks: the Digital Ballistic Computer (DBC) and Automatic Target Tracker (ATT). Both components are integral parts of the fire control system, designed to enhance the tanks tracking and targeting precision.At the forefront of this technological leap is the concept of Acceptance of Necessity (AoN), signifying the Ministry of Defense initial approval in the procurement process. The backbone of the Indian Army armored capabilities comprises T-90 and T-72 tanks, predominantly sourced from Russia.A strategic shift is underway as the aging T-72 tanks make way for the introduction of 1,700 Future Ready Combat Vehicles (FRCV), a procurement initiative currently underway. These FRCVs will be equipped with Battlefield Management System (BMS) equipment, further modernizing the Army operational capabilities.With a focus on the T-90 tanks, the DACs approval marks a paradigm shift in their functionality. Approximately 475 additional T-90 tanks are in development, supplementing the existing fleet of 1,200. These tanks will undergo refurbishment, with an emphasis on integrating the ATT technology, a game-changer in target acquisition.An official from the defense ministry emphasized the significance of this technological infusion, stating that the integrated ATT would "help the T-90s get better sight to spot enemy tanks easily." The Automated Target Tracker technology not only simplifies the targeting process but also enables precise engagement with moving targets, a feat unattainable through manual positioning.The Digital Ballistic Computer plays a crucial role in determining the trajectory of rounds fired by the tanks, considering factors such as atmospheric conditions, internal tank temperature, ambient temperature, and wind speed. By transitioning from an analogue to a digital system, the Indian Army aims to eliminate biases and human errors in calculations.Looking ahead, the phased replacement of T-72 tanks by the FRCVs underscores India commitment to staying at the forefront of military technology. The integration of Battlefield Management System equipment on FRCVs ensures a comprehensive modernization approach, reflecting the nation readiness for future combat scenarios.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 15:36:08
 World 

Defense News - In a significant display of solidarity with Ukraine, Denmark and Sweden have recently formalized their commitment to send additional combat vehicles to the embattled country. The joint declaration, signed on December 18, outlines a collaborative effort to bolster Ukraine defense capabilities through the delivery of newly produced Combat Vehicle 90 (CV90).The Swedish defense ministry conveyed that the letter of intent solidifies the two Nordic nations resolve to leverage their industrial capabilities in facilitating the provision of these combat vehicles to Ukraine. This move comes as an extension of support, building on Sweden earlier donation of 50 CV90s to Ukraine.Swedish Defense Minister Pal Jonson emphasized the CV90s pivotal role in enhancing Ukraine defense capabilities. The recent agreement follows a preceding pact between Stockholm and Kyiv in August, signaling a commitment to intensified cooperation in the production and servicing of infantry fighting vehicles.Although the exact number of vehicles and delivery timelines remain undisclosed, the Danish government is set to contribute an initial investment of $264 million. Subsequently, Stockholm will proceed with the order and acquisition of the CV90s, which are manufactured by BAE-Systems Hagglunds.This collaborative effort marks a strategic step forward in the partnership between the two countries. While the possibility of joint manufacturing of CV90s in Ukraine was hinted at in the August agreement, Swedish executives have refrained from commenting on specific plans in that regard.Denmark commitment to military aid for Ukraine extends beyond combat vehicles. In September, the Danish Ministry of Defense announced a comprehensive aid package totaling $833 million. Over a three-year period, this support encompasses tanks, Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs), tank ammunition, and anti-aircraft guns.Notably, recent orders for CV90s have been placed by Slovakia and the Czech Republic, further underlining the growing significance of this advanced combat vehicle in European defense strategies. Slovakia secured 152 vehicles for $1.37 billion, while the Czech Republic acquired 246 units for $2.2 billion. While specific details of these deals were not disclosed, the average cost per CV90 in both cases is estimated to be around $9 million.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 15:31:26
 World 

Defense News - The Spanish Army has celebrated the arrival of its inaugural fleet of six Castor armored engineering vehicles from General Dynamics European Land Systems (GDELS), marking a significant advancement in military technology. These combat vehicles are poised to play a crucial role in supporting armored units and enhancing mobility during ground operations.A ceremonial handover took place at a GDELS facility in Seville, with the distinguished presence of state defense secretary Mariaz Amparo Valcarce Garcia and various army officials. Garcia emphasized the importance of this new capability, describing it as a "substantial technological advancement" that empowers sapper units with heightened protection, operational capacity, and essential mobility for mission success.Built on the ASCOD 2 Pizarro platform, the Castor engineering vehicle boasts a versatile set of capabilities, including tasks such as leveling, filling trenches, clearing obstacles, and aiding in river crossing operations. The vehicle can be equipped with a bulldozer blade, plow, roller, breach marking system, and a heavy mine-clearing hose launcher system, enhancing its adaptability for various missions.One notable aspect of the Castor is its 100% Spanish design, a historic milestone according to GDELS general director Juan Escrina. Specifically tailored for the missions of the Armed Forces sapper and engineer units, the vehicle showcases improved lethality through its all-weather target acquisition systems and a 12.7-millimeter machine gun.Looking ahead, the Spanish Army can anticipate the delivery of the remaining 30 Castor vehicles, completing the order by 2024. This development underscores Spain commitment to cutting-edge military technology and its dedication to providing its armed forces with state-of-the-art equipment designed to meet the challenges of contemporary warfare.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 05:02:26
 Space & Technology 

Space News - In response to an inquiry in the Rajya Sabha on Thursday, Union Minister Jitendra Singh revealed that the current valuation of the Indian space economy stands at approximately USD 8.4 billion. Addressing questions about the distribution of this value between governmental and private entities, Singh outlined the landscape.He noted that nearly 80 percent of the total space economy is dominated by the downstream services market, primarily focused on communication and data applications. In this segment, the private sector emerges as a significant contributor. Singh specifically responded to an Independent MP from Rajya Sabha, Kartikeya Sharma, who raised the query.Singh detailed the bifurcation of the space economy, explaining that the upstream market, encompassing satellite and launch operations, is predominantly steered by the government. In this realm, the private sector plays a pivotal role in a vendor-oriented capacity, particularly in manufacturing and delivering sub-systems and components.Highlighting insights from various market surveys, the minister underscored that the space economy has experienced substantial growth, boasting an average Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8 percent.In response to a question about plans to augment the private sector share in the country space economy, Singh affirmed the government affirmative stance. Emphasizing significant initiatives, he expressed the government commitment to fostering an increase in the private sector participation in the Indian space economy.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 04:57:55
 India 

Defense News - The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has launched a series of searches at 19 locations in South India, successfully dismantling a "highly radicalized jihadi terror group," according to insider sources.These extensive raids, initiated on Monday morning, are being carried out in collaboration with state police forces, signifying a concerted effort by the anti-terror agency. The exact details of the locations and the identity of the jihadi group remain undisclosed due to operational considerations, as stated by knowledgeable sources.Among the 19 locations under scrutiny, the majority are believed to have ties to individuals associated with the radicalized jihadi group. Sources suggest that this particular terror group is actively involved in anti-India activities, demonstrating an alarming capability for planning attacks and recruiting young individuals.This recent development follows closely on the heels of a previous NIA operation targeting multiple locations in Bangalore, Karnataka. The focus of that operation was the radicalization of prisoners by a Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorist. On December 13, six locations, including the residences of four accused individuals (one of whom is currently evading authorities), underwent extensive searches in connection to case RC-28/2023/NIA/DLI.The NIA teams involved in the raid seized a variety of digital devices, incriminating documents, and a substantial cash amount totaling Rs 7.3 lakhs. The targeted locations included the premises of Mohammed Umar, Mohammed Faisal Rabbani, Tanveer Ahmed, and Mohammed Farooq, along with the absconding Junaid Ahmed.Presently, three accused individuals remain at large in this case, which has been registered under various sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, and the Explosive Substances Act, 1884. The NIAs ongoing investigations underline the gravity of the situation and the agency commitment to addressing potential threats to national security.

Read More → Posted on 2023-12-19 04:51:36